Pakistan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.573
HDI Ranking3 #145
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22.5%/16%
Women in Parliament ranking #57
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population190.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,800
HDI ranking3#145
Population under age 1535%
Urban population36%
Internet users15%
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, others including English (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 58% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22.5%/16%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.573 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 50% Women in Parliament ranking #57
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 77.8% (59.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 110 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 3.4 Constitutional quota in lower house Yes
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 20 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

The Aurat Foundation is a non-governmental organization committed to women’s empowerment and citizens’ participation in government in order to create a socially just, democratic, and humane society. Established in 1986, the Foundation has created the nation’s largest district-level network of organizations, activists, and volunteers that works together to support citizens’ participation in addressing issues of concern to women. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
November 25, 2002 | Leadership, Jordan, 2002 Events, Nigeria, Pakistan
Prominent women leaders discussed women's leadership and strategies for expanding women's political participation in Muslim societies. Panelists included Mahnaz Afkhami (Iran), Ayesha Imam (Nigeria), Asma Khader (Jordan), Thoraya Obaid (Saudi Arabia), Shirin Tahir-Kheli (Pakistan), and Azar Nafisi (Iran, Moderator).

Profile

Maleeha Lodhi

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Dr. Maleeha Lodhi, a journalist, professor, and diplomat, has served as Pakistan’s High Commissioner to the United Kingdom since September 2003. She is a member of the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Affairs and formerly served as Ambassador of Pakistan to the United States from 1994-1997 and again from 1999-2002.

S:SSO to Sakai