Pakistan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.573
HDI Ranking3 #145
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22.5%/16%
Women in Parliament ranking #57
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population190.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,800
HDI ranking3#145
Population under age 1535%
Urban population36%
Internet users15%
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, others including English (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 58% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22.5%/16%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.573 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 50% Women in Parliament ranking #57
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 77.8% (59.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 110 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 3.4 Constitutional quota in lower house Yes
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 20 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

The Aurat Foundation is a non-governmental organization committed to women’s empowerment and citizens’ participation in government in order to create a socially just, democratic, and humane society. Established in 1986, the Foundation has created the nation’s largest district-level network of organizations, activists, and volunteers that works together to support citizens’ participation in addressing issues of concern to women. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
January 17, 2017 | 2017 Events, Human Rights, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership’s Written Statement for the Women’s March on Washington Taking Place on January 21, 2017In every aspect of her life, a woman's autonomy, freedom, and opportunities are shaped by the degree to which her nation's laws uphold gender equality, and which cultural practices limit her ability to participate in decision making at the family, national and country levels.
October 20, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, From Fear to Freedom, Global TOT, GTOT, Human Rights, Middle East, Refugee Empowerment, Stop Violence Against Women, TOT, Training of Trainers, Brazil, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership convened a Global Training of Trainers on October 5, 2016, following its 16th annual Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop focused on the development of curriculum for WLP’s new initiatives on women refugees and family law reform.  
October 19, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, TPC, Transnational Partners Convening, Brazil, Leadership, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Indonesia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership hosted its 16th Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland from October 1 through 4, 2016. The meeting brought together representatives from partner organizations in Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Turkey, and Zimbabwe.
November 23, 2015 | 16 Days, 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence, From Fear to Freedom, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Human Rights: The Unfinished Journey, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Victories over Violence, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Take a stand! Join WLP in the worldwide campaign to end gender-based violence.On November 25, 2015, Women's Learning Partnership joins the Center for Women’s Global Leadership (CWGL) at Rutgers University, along with over 5,478 organizations and other participants from 187 countries and territories, in the launch of the annual 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence Campaign. The 2015 Campaign theme, From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Make Education Safe for All, highlights the increase of violent attacks against women and girls who claim their right to education, and the continued barriers to women's and girls' education across the globe. You can find more information on our WLP Partner 16 Days Activities Page and on the CWGL 16 Days Campaign home page.
September 30, 2014 | Asia, Human Rights, Pakistan
The lives of millions of men, women, and children are presently at risk due to devastating floods across large areas of Pakistan.
November 14, 2012 | Americas, Brazil, Leading to Action, 2012 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
October 6, 2011 | Asia, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Leading to Action, Pakistan
The Policy Data Monitor-Violence Against Women (PDM) or Aurat Foundation organized a press conference on August 16, 2011 at Islamabad to share with media its bi-annual report on violence against women in Pakistan during the first six months of the current year. The programme has observed a tremendous rise in the amount of cases of violence against women during January to June 2011 as compared to last year. There were 4448 cases reported till June 2011 as compared to 4061 cases in year 2010. The majority of cases reported were from Punjab (3035) and Baluchistan having the least (133).

Profile

Khadija Haq

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Khadija Haq is President of the Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre, a research institution and policy think-tank based in Islamabad, Pakistan. She is also Chairperson of the North–South Roundtable, an influential global policy research and dialogue forum of leading thinkers and policy makers from around the world. From 1989 to 1995, Ms. Haq was Senior Adviser on Education at UNICEF, where she was responsible for designing policies and strategies for basic education in the Global South, with particular focus on the education of girls.

S:SSO to Sakai