Pakistan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #134
Gender Inequality Index2 0.573
HDI Ranking3 #145
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22.5%/16%
Women in Parliament ranking #57
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population190.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,800
HDI ranking3#145
Population under age 1535%
Urban population36%
Internet users15%
LanguagesPunjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki 10%, Pashtu 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, others including English (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #134 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 58% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22.5%/16%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.573 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 50% Women in Parliament ranking #57
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 77.8% (59.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7.5% (#75)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1947(literate women) & 1956(all women)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 110 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 3.4 Constitutional quota in lower house Yes
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 20 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

The Aurat Foundation is a non-governmental organization committed to women’s empowerment and citizens’ participation in government in order to create a socially just, democratic, and humane society. Established in 1986, the Foundation has created the nation’s largest district-level network of organizations, activists, and volunteers that works together to support citizens’ participation in addressing issues of concern to women. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
October 20, 2016 | 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, Global TOT, GTOT, Human Rights, Middle East, Refugee Empowerment, Stop Violence Against Women, TOT, Training of Trainers, Beyond Equality, Brazil, Fear to Freedom, Leadership, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Leading to Action, Leading To Choices, Leading To Choices Multimedia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Transitions to Democracy, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership convened a Global Training of Trainers on October 5, 2016, following its 16th annual Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop focused on the development of curriculum for WLP’s new initiatives on women refugees and family law reform.  
October 19, 2016 | 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, TPC, Transnational Partners Convening, Beyond Equality, Brazil, Leadership, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Transitions to Democracy, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership hosted its 16th Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland from October 1 through 4, 2016. The meeting brought together representatives from partner organizations in Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Turkey, and Zimbabwe.
November 23, 2015 | 16 Days, 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Fear to Freedom, Human Rights: The Unfinished Journey, Jordan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Victories over Violence, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Take a stand! Join WLP in the worldwide campaign to end gender-based violence.On November 25, 2015, Women's Learning Partnership joins the Center for Women’s Global Leadership (CWGL) at Rutgers University, along with over 5,478 organizations and other participants from 187 countries and territories, in the launch of the annual 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence Campaign. The 2015 Campaign theme, From Peace in the Home to Peace in the World: Make Education Safe for All, highlights the increase of violent attacks against women and girls who claim their right to education, and the continued barriers to women's and girls' education across the globe. You can find more information on our WLP Partner 16 Days Activities Page and on the CWGL 16 Days Campaign home page.
September 30, 2014 | Asia, Human Rights, Pakistan
The lives of millions of men, women, and children are presently at risk due to devastating floods across large areas of Pakistan.
November 14, 2012 | Americas, Brazil, 2012 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Leading to Action, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
October 6, 2011 | Asia, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Leading to Action, Pakistan
The Policy Data Monitor-Violence Against Women (PDM) or Aurat Foundation organized a press conference on August 16, 2011 at Islamabad to share with media its bi-annual report on violence against women in Pakistan during the first six months of the current year. The programme has observed a tremendous rise in the amount of cases of violence against women during January to June 2011 as compared to last year. There were 4448 cases reported till June 2011 as compared to 4061 cases in year 2010. The majority of cases reported were from Punjab (3035) and Baluchistan having the least (133).
October 4, 2011 | Asia, Pakistan
Aurat Publication and Information Service Foundation (Aurat Foundation) is a national, non-profit, non-governmental organization committed to working for women's empowerment and democratic governance in Pakistan. It has its headquarters in Islamabad and four regional offices in  Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta  with over 120 employees. It is a major support organization for civil society organizations, federal, provincial, and local governments and political parties, among other public and private institutions, with an extensive countrywide network of voluntary citizens’ groups and individual activists in the 110 districts of Pakistan.

Profile

Maleeha Lodhi

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Dr. Maleeha Lodhi, a journalist, professor, and diplomat, has served as Pakistan’s High Commissioner to the United Kingdom since September 2003. She is a member of the United Nations Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Affairs and formerly served as Ambassador of Pakistan to the United States from 1994-1997 and again from 1999-2002.

S:SSO to Sakai