Nigeria

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #156
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 7%/6%
Women in Parliament ranking #127
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#67)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population170.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,600
HDI ranking3#156
Population under age 1544%
Urban population50%
Internet users28%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, over 500 others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 69% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 7%/6%
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio -- Women in Parliament ranking #127/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#67)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 29 Quota type --
Births per woman 5.5 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 123 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Our Partner

Center for Advancement of Development Rights (CEADER) is a Nigeria-based non-governmental, not-for-profit organization that seeks to increase women’s and girls’ capacity to overcome poverty and strengthen their participation in leadership and development activities in their communities. CEADER’s vision is for women to be equipped and positioned for gender justice. CEADER works with women and girls and within slum communities to provide human rights education and thematic trainings, and utilizes advocacy and campaign activities as a tool for holding relevant agencies accountable to fulfilling their obligations to women and girls. Read More

In The News

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Reports & Updates
May 9, 2008 | Africa, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Nigeria
WLP and our Nigeria partner BAOBAB for Women’s Human Rights convened a National Training of Trainers Institute (TOT) in Paynesville, Liberia in May for 25 women in leadership positions at community-based organizations focusing on women’s issues.
March 18, 2008 | Political Participation, 2008 Events, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine
The 21st century is the century for women and politics. Six extraordinary grassroots leaders from four regions of the world discuss practical strategies and culture friendly initiatives that they have used to mobilize women, and especially young women, to participate in making decisions that affect their lives and the lives of their communities.
March 6, 2006 | Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, eNews 8, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Morocco, Nigeria
In the remote northeastern town of Taza in Morocco, twenty-five women and five men, participated in a leadership training workshop. The majority of participants were representatives of organizations involved with economic development, social services, education, poverty eradication, women's rights advocacy, and improving women's health. In Nigeria, in response to the recent resurgence in violence between Muslim and Christian groups in the country, a workshop was organized with twenty-five grassroots Muslim and Christian women in the northern city of Zaria.
March 3, 2006 | eNews 2, Jordan, Nigeria, Pakistan
International women leaders challenged stereotypes associated with Muslim women and discussed possibilities for strengthening the role of women in creating democratic and pluralistic societies in the Muslim world.
February 25, 2005 | Africa, eNews 11, Leadership, Cameroon, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2005 Events, Nigeria, Zimbabwe
Twenty-five women from eight African countries met in Calabar, Nigeria for the Africa Regional Learning Institute for Women's Leadership and Training of Trainers. Co-organized by WLP and BAOBAB for Women's Human Rights, the five-day Institute aimed to strengthen participants' capacity to become better trainers and advocates in empowering grassroots women to become effective decision-makers in their families, communities, and societies. Participants were from Cameroon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Among them were Vabah Gayflor, Minister of Gender and Development in Liberia, and Hafsat Abiola, President of the Kudirat Initiative for Democracy in Nigeria.
November 25, 2002 | Leadership, Jordan, 2002 Events, Nigeria, Pakistan
Prominent women leaders discussed women's leadership and strategies for expanding women's political participation in Muslim societies. Panelists included Mahnaz Afkhami (Iran), Ayesha Imam (Nigeria), Asma Khader (Jordan), Thoraya Obaid (Saudi Arabia), Shirin Tahir-Kheli (Pakistan), and Azar Nafisi (Iran, Moderator).

Profile

Ayo Obe

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Ayo Obe is a human rights lawyer and President of Nigeria’s Civil Liberties Organization (CLO), one of Nigeria's largest human rights organizations. Education and empowerment are among the key strategies used to address basic human rights issues in Nigeria, including prison conditions, police brutality, and violence against women. She has represented the CLO at numerous local and international fora. Ms. Obe is Chair of the Coordinating Committee of the Transition Monitoring Group, a coalition of over 60 Nigerian NGOs that work together to monitor Nigeria’s transition to civil rule.

S:SSO to Sakai