Nigeria

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #156
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 7%/6%
Women in Parliament ranking #127
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#67)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population170.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,600
HDI ranking3#156
Population under age 1544%
Urban population50%
Internet users28%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, over 500 others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 69% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 7%/6%
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio -- Women in Parliament ranking #127/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#67)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 29 Quota type --
Births per woman 5.5 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 123 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Our Partner

Center for Advancement of Development Rights (CEADER) is a Nigeria-based non-governmental, not-for-profit organization that seeks to increase women’s and girls’ capacity to overcome poverty and strengthen their participation in leadership and development activities in their communities. CEADER’s vision is for women to be equipped and positioned for gender justice. CEADER works with women and girls and within slum communities to provide human rights education and thematic trainings, and utilizes advocacy and campaign activities as a tool for holding relevant agencies accountable to fulfilling their obligations to women and girls. Read More

In The News

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Reports & Updates
November 14, 2012 | Americas, Brazil, Leading to Action, 2012 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
November 25, 2011 | 16 Days, Africa, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Nigeria
The 25th of November every year marks the beginning of the “16 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence” which is an international campaign that started in 1991 dedicated to advocate against all forms of Gender Based Violence. The 16 Days runs from November 25, (International Day against Violence against Women) to December 10, (International Human Rights Day) to symbolically link violence against women and human rights and to emphasise that such violence is a violation of human rights. This 16-day period also highlights other significant dates including December 1, which is World AIDS Day, and December 6, which marks the Anniversary of the Montreal Massacre in 1989, when 14 women students were massacred by a lone gun-man opposed to the affirmative action policies promoted by feminists at the University of Montreal.
April 7, 2011 | Africa, nigeria, political participation, women in politics, Leading to Action, Political Participation, Young & Emerging Leaders, Nigeria
On February 7-13, 2011, BAOBAB for Women's Human Rights held a political education training for young women in Kogi State, Nigeria, using WLP's political participation manual Leading to Action. The training promoted gender sensitive culture within academic institutions, shared the principles of horizontal leadership, promoted women's visibility and involvement in strategic decision making positions, and contributed to building the self-esteem and confidence of participants to act as leaders in challenging situations.
November 11, 2010 | Africa, eNews 27, Political Participation, Nigeria
Political Participation TrainingAbia, Nigeria According to Nigeria's 2006 census, women are nearly half the country's population (48.78 percent) — a percentage that is not at all reflected in women's representation in government and decision-making positions. But that could change, and soon. As part of its commitment to increasing women's role in all of public life, BAOBAB held a July 21-27 training session in Abia for a group of politically enthusiastic and ambitious young women. Participants included members of the media, Abia state government officials, 30 young women undergraduates and 30 women political aspirants.
June 23, 2009 | eNews 24, Organizational Capacity Building, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Palestine
WLP and its partners are piloting a new process where peers cooperate to help each other's organizations through the strategic planning process. In peer-to-peer strategic planning, individuals familiar with the organization and its activities, and equally committed to its success, participate in developing plans for the future. Most critically, a peer has linguistic compatibility and socio-cultural understanding, and also shares the history and values of the Partnership, vision for gender justice, and knowledge of the women's movement and culturally-adapted strategies in women's rights work. This allows for deeper understanding and clearer communication between the facilitator and the organization in the strategic planning process.
December 8, 2008 | Bahrain, Young & Emerging Leaders, Jordan, Yes I Can, Nigeria
In cooperation with our partner organization in Bahrain, WLP completed the full first draft of a manual for adolescent girls between the ages of twelve and seventeen. The manual will serve as the primary curriculum for YWLP, and is intended for use during leadership training workshops. The manual's fun and interactive sessions enable adolescents to develop greater self confidence, learn how to communicate more effectively, build leadership skills, and identify areas where they can be leaders in their own communities.
September 29, 2008 | eNews 21, Jordan, Nigeria
In this issue we feature the groundbreaking and creative advocacy initiatives conceived by and carried out by our partner organizations in Jordan and Nigeria to see what women on the ground are doing to change the world.
May 9, 2008 | Africa, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Nigeria
In Hausa, two different words refer to a leader or leadership. The first word, shugabanci, is more popular and refers to authoritarian leadership. The second word, jagoranci, refers to horizontal leadership. At the beginning, most of the participants felt that the first definition of leadership was more significant while the second definition only refers to someone who directs others but does not have the power to actually lead. At the end of the Institute, after much debate, participants came to the decision that leadership was not the ability to impose one’s desires on others, but rather to lead the people to a shared vision of the world we wish to create.

Profile

Ayo Obe

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Ayo Obe is a human rights lawyer and President of Nigeria’s Civil Liberties Organization (CLO), one of Nigeria's largest human rights organizations. Education and empowerment are among the key strategies used to address basic human rights issues in Nigeria, including prison conditions, police brutality, and violence against women. She has represented the CLO at numerous local and international fora. Ms. Obe is Chair of the Coordinating Committee of the Transition Monitoring Group, a coalition of over 60 Nigerian NGOs that work together to monitor Nigeria’s transition to civil rule.

S:SSO to Sakai