Nigeria

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #156
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 7%/6%
Women in Parliament ranking #127
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#67)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population170.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,600
HDI ranking3#156
Population under age 1544%
Urban population50%
Internet users28%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, over 500 others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #110 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 69% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 7%/6%
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio -- Women in Parliament ranking #127/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#67)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1954 (East), 1955 (West taxpayers), 1959(South), 1975(North)
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 29 Quota type --
Births per woman 5.5 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 123 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Our Partner

BAOBAB for Women's Human Rights is a non-governmental women's human rights organization which focuses on women's legal rights in Nigeria. The organization evolved from the relationship between a group of activists, social scientists, lawyers, and specialists in Islamic laws. BAOBAB's mission is to promote women's human rights principally via improving knowledge, exercise and development of rights under religious laws, customary laws and statutory laws. BAOBAB’s vision is for women’s human rights to become an integral part of everyday life. Read More >

Reports & Updates
December 10, 2012 | 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violenc, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria
 Each year activists, youth, local and international organizations, and governmental officials committed to eliminating violence against women participate in the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence. This annual campaign commences on November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and lasts through December 10, International Human Rights Day.As part of WLP’s 2012 campaign activities, we held the online premieres of our Arabic, French, and Spanish subtitled-editions of the documentary, From Fear to Freedom: Ending Violence Against Women. In WLP’s film, released in 2012, leading experts and activists from across the globe discuss the root causes of gender-based violence (GBV), share strategies to combat it, and provide inspiring accounts of the important milestones already achieved through the international women’s movement.
November 14, 2012 | 2012 Events, Americas, Leading to Action, Brazil, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
November 25, 2011 | 16 Days, Africa, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Nigeria
The 25th of November every year marks the beginning of the “16 Days of Activism against Gender Based Violence” which is an international campaign that started in 1991 dedicated to advocate against all forms of Gender Based Violence. The 16 Days runs from November 25, (International Day against Violence against Women) to December 10, (International Human Rights Day) to symbolically link violence against women and human rights and to emphasise that such violence is a violation of human rights. This 16-day period also highlights other significant dates including December 1, which is World AIDS Day, and December 6, which marks the Anniversary of the Montreal Massacre in 1989, when 14 women students were massacred by a lone gun-man opposed to the affirmative action policies promoted by feminists at the University of Montreal.
April 7, 2011 | Africa, Leading to Action, nigeria, political participation, women in politics, Political Participation, Young & Emerging Leaders, Nigeria
On February 7-13, 2011, BAOBAB for Women's Human Rights held a political education training for young women in Kogi State, Nigeria, using WLP's political participation manual Leading to Action. The training promoted gender sensitive culture within academic institutions, shared the principles of horizontal leadership, promoted women's visibility and involvement in strategic decision making positions, and contributed to building the self-esteem and confidence of participants to act as leaders in challenging situations.
November 11, 2010 | Africa, eNews 27, Political Participation, Nigeria
Political Participation TrainingAbia, Nigeria According to Nigeria's 2006 census, women are nearly half the country's population (48.78 percent) — a percentage that is not at all reflected in women's representation in government and decision-making positions. But that could change, and soon. As part of its commitment to increasing women's role in all of public life, BAOBAB held a July 21-27 training session in Abia for a group of politically enthusiastic and ambitious young women. Participants included members of the media, Abia state government officials, 30 young women undergraduates and 30 women political aspirants.
June 23, 2009 | eNews 24, Organizational Capacity Building, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Palestine
WLP and its partners are piloting a new process where peers cooperate to help each other's organizations through the strategic planning process. In peer-to-peer strategic planning, individuals familiar with the organization and its activities, and equally committed to its success, participate in developing plans for the future. Most critically, a peer has linguistic compatibility and socio-cultural understanding, and also shares the history and values of the Partnership, vision for gender justice, and knowledge of the women's movement and culturally-adapted strategies in women's rights work. This allows for deeper understanding and clearer communication between the facilitator and the organization in the strategic planning process.
December 8, 2008 | Bahrain, Young & Emerging Leaders, Yes I Can, Jordan, Nigeria
In cooperation with our partner organization in Bahrain, WLP completed the full first draft of a manual for adolescent girls between the ages of twelve and seventeen. The manual will serve as the primary curriculum for YWLP, and is intended for use during leadership training workshops. The manual's fun and interactive sessions enable adolescents to develop greater self confidence, learn how to communicate more effectively, build leadership skills, and identify areas where they can be leaders in their own communities.

Profile

Hafsat Abiola

Founder & Executive Director / Kudirat Initiative for Democracy
Nationality:  Nigeria
Profession:  Activist
Languages Spoken:  English
Area(s) of Expertise:  Democracy & Governance, Women's Human Rights
Country/Region of Expertise:  Nigeria, West Africa

Hafsat Abiola is a human rights and democracy activist from Nigeria. She comes from a family of dedicated Pan-Africanists and courageous fighters for freedom and justice. Her father, M.K.O. Abiola, won the Presidential election held in Nigeria in 1993 but served out his term in solitary confinement, incarcerated by the military. He died in prison, on the eve of his release. Her mother, Kudirat, was a democracy leader who organized major strikes, marches, and fought assiduously against the military. In 1996, she was assassinated in the streets of Lagos.

S:SSO to Sakai