Morocco

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
March 2, 2006 | eNews 13, Family Law Reform, Guide to Equality in the Family, Human Rights, Jordan, Malaysia, Morocco
Family law in Muslim-majority societies governs every aspect of a woman’s life – from minimum age and conditions of marriage, to divorce, child custody, and the right to work, travel, or decide on a place of residence. The reform of family law is therefore crucial to women’s ability to participate on equal terms in both family life and public life. In each thematic module, the Guide presents the current state of the law, then proposes religious, human rights, sociological, and domestic legal arguments for reform, well-supported by relevant data.
November 21, 2005 | Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, 2005 Events, Malaysia, Morocco
This special session at the Middle East Studies Association 2005 Annual Meeting, provided a forum for scholar/activists from Muslim-majority societies to address major challenges to eliminating violence against women and girls from a human security perspective and to discuss grassroots, national, and regional measures needed to raise awareness, initiate reform legislation, and create synergy for ongoing efforts to prevent violence and to promote human rights of women.
November 21, 2005 | Bahrain, eNews 14, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2005 Events, Lebanon, Morocco
WLP convened the Institute to create an opportunity for women activists in the region to develop skills in participatory leadership, facilitation, communications, and advocacy, building their capacity as leaders. In a role play on communicating with the media, participants took on the role of guests in a TV talk show, defending contrasting points of view. "One should not treat interacting with the media as an exam, but simply as a means of getting across a message and building public support for your goals," said Moroccan partner Amina Lemrini.
October 21, 2005 | ICT for Social Change, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Jordan, 2005 Events, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
From September 5 to October 21, 2005, a group of 14 experienced leadership trainers from Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Palestine participated in a five-week prototype Arabic eCourse to test and adapt the Arabic curriculum in preparation for a full eCourse in 2006.
December 14, 2004 | Middle East, Leadership, eNews 10, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2004 Events, Morocco
 It has taken my generation 20 years to learn how to speak to the media in convincing ways and I want this new generation to learn these skills more quickly.  — Institute Participant Twenty-six women’s rights activists and leaders of women’s groups from Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan, and Tunisia participated in the Institute, one of the first training and networking forums that brought together women activists from across the region. In the Maghreb context, leadership ability is often linked with privileged positions granted through family or tribal ties, money, and education. However, Institute participants identified a number of “ordinary” women as leaders because of their courage and the risks they took in raising their voices against certain taboo issues and unjust practices.
December 15, 2003 | Bahrain, Leadership, eNews 6, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Jordan, Lebanon, 2003 Events, Morocco, Palestine
WLP convened the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) Regional Roaming Institute for Women's Leadership from December 9-15, 2003 in Petra, Jordan. Thirty women leaders from eleven Arab countries including Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan, and Yemen took part in the week-long Institute for training of trainers.

Profile

Fatema Mernissi

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Fatema Mernissi is a senior researcher at the University Institute for Scientific Research and professor of Sociology at Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco. Her research has explored such themes as Islam and women's rights, the role of women in the Morocan economy, and women and civil-society development. In 1997 she began the "Synergie Civique" project to enhance NGO leaders' writing and communication skills and to conduct research on the expansion of civil-society.

S:SSO to Sakai