Morocco

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
January 6, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Morocco
We have been informed that local authorities, in agreement with representatives of tribes, have secretly given compensation to men only and have failed to publish the lists of beneficiaries as stipulated in the circular of the Ministry of Interior. An example of these practices has taken place in November of 2008 where women of the tribe of Saknia in the province of Kenitra were excluded from collectively-used lands benefits.
January 6, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Morocco
The royal letter to the Moroccan Consultative Council of human rights (CCDH) on December 10th, 2008 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, announced the withdrawal of the reservations expressed to CEDAW at its ratification by Morocco in 1993.
February 26, 2008 | Brazil, Leadership, eNews 19, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2008 Events, Morocco, Nicaragua
The Institute brought together twenty-four participants from seven countries in the region: Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador. The participants, all of whom were experienced trainers and activists, welcomed the leadership concepts and methodologies offered in the manual, as well as the application of the leadership concept and methodology to diverse fields, including economic justice, women’s health and reproductive rights, violence against women, indigenous rights, human rights, youth advocacy, and microfinance.
January 2, 2008 | Leading to Choices, Young & Emerging Leaders, Morocco
“The proverb, ‘It is through fun and enjoyment that one learns the most’ is well-suited for this training. It opened our eyes to a type of collegial and participative learning environment, based on a positive atmosphere! We learned a lot while having fun. We hope that this evening, our relationships will be ‘To be continued’ instead of ‘The End’,” commented one youth participant at the end of the Institute.
February 9, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
As part of Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc’s advocacy initiative, debates were held in Morocco on Wednesday January 31st over the much anticipated reformed Nationality Code which was passed by the Government Council two weeks ago.
February 2, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Morocco
"The revision of Article 6 comes to supplement the Moudawana. It has a great range insofar as this article puts the father and the mother on equal footing. The identity of the child can be defined by his mother or father. In this sense, it is a significant blow related to the patriarchal status and to the 'primacy' of men to women," says Rabea Naciri.
January 31, 2007 | Family Law Reform, Morocco
The Moudawana, the Personal Status Law established a year after Morocco's independence in 1957, declared that women were legally inferior to men. The new legislation, which is based on a reinterpretation of Islamic law, greatly restricts polygamy, gives women equal status with men, the right to initiate divorce, and shared family rights. Moreover, women no longer need a "tutor" -- generally their father or brother -- in order to get married.
January 26, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
On January 18, the Moroccan government adopted a draft bill granting Moroccan women the right to pass on their nationality to their children. This achievement is the outcome of years of shared struggle and lobbying carried out by Association Democratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) and a great number of women’s rights and human rights organizations.
January 25, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Morocco
On January 18, 2007, the Moroccan Government passed a bill to reform the country's nationality code which will enable women the right to pass on their nationality to their children. The law was amended in line with the country's family code, the Moudawana, meaning that only Moroccan women who have married Muslim men in accordance with the Moudawana would benefit.
December 19, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
In July of 2005, the Royal Court of Morocco delivered a speech promising that the Moroccan Nationality Code would be amended in order for women to pass on their nationality to their children. A year and a half later not enough progress has been made on the new legislation, frustrating many women’s rights groups in the country.

Profile

Fatema Mernissi

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Fatema Mernissi is a senior researcher at the University Institute for Scientific Research and professor of Sociology at Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco. Her research has explored such themes as Islam and women's rights, the role of women in the Morocan economy, and women and civil-society development. In 1997 she began the "Synergie Civique" project to enhance NGO leaders' writing and communication skills and to conduct research on the expansion of civil-society.

S:SSO to Sakai