At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
February 2, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Morocco
"The revision of Article 6 comes to supplement the Moudawana. It has a great range insofar as this article puts the father and the mother on equal footing. The identity of the child can be defined by his mother or father. In this sense, it is a significant blow related to the patriarchal status and to the 'primacy' of men to women," says Rabea Naciri.
January 31, 2007 | Family Law Reform, Morocco
The Moudawana, the Personal Status Law established a year after Morocco's independence in 1957, declared that women were legally inferior to men. The new legislation, which is based on a reinterpretation of Islamic law, greatly restricts polygamy, gives women equal status with men, the right to initiate divorce, and shared family rights. Moreover, women no longer need a "tutor" -- generally their father or brother -- in order to get married.
January 26, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
On January 18, the Moroccan government adopted a draft bill granting Moroccan women the right to pass on their nationality to their children. This achievement is the outcome of years of shared struggle and lobbying carried out by Association Democratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) and a great number of women’s rights and human rights organizations.
January 25, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Morocco
On January 18, 2007, the Moroccan Government passed a bill to reform the country's nationality code which will enable women the right to pass on their nationality to their children. The law was amended in line with the country's family code, the Moudawana, meaning that only Moroccan women who have married Muslim men in accordance with the Moudawana would benefit.
December 19, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
In July of 2005, the Royal Court of Morocco delivered a speech promising that the Moroccan Nationality Code would be amended in order for women to pass on their nationality to their children. A year and a half later not enough progress has been made on the new legislation, frustrating many women’s rights groups in the country.
November 9, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Morocco
Nationality Campaign activists in Morocco pursued two approaches in order to affect legislative change: (1) They lobbied policy makers, government, and parliamentarians, (2) They conducted a public awareness campaign using the testimonies of victims. Listen to the podcast to hear about the resulting successes of Moroccan women activists.
September 2, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
I was recently told that my daughter who will turn 15 must obtain a residence permit and that I should prove, being her mother, that she is my dependent, can you imagine that? My daughter who has only been in Morocco, who was born here and who lives here, needs a residence permit! My children struggle daily against psychological problems because their country does not recognize them. The denial of the Moroccan nationality affects them seriously.
June 19, 2006 | Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Morocco
On January 25, 2004, the government of Morocco adopted a new landmark Family Law supporting women’s equality and granting them new rights in marriage and divorce, among others.
June 15, 2006 | Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Morocco
WLP partner Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) coordinates a much-needed national network of violence against women centers in Morocco called ANARUZ. The centers provide legal services to women victims of violence, gather data about the problem of violence against women in Morocco, raise awareness of gender-based violence, and advocate for policy and legal reforms to protect women and reduce violence.
March 6, 2006 | Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, eNews 8, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Morocco, Nigeria
In the remote northeastern town of Taza in Morocco, twenty-five women and five men, participated in a leadership training workshop. The majority of participants were representatives of organizations involved with economic development, social services, education, poverty eradication, women's rights advocacy, and improving women's health. In Nigeria, in response to the recent resurgence in violence between Muslim and Christian groups in the country, a workshop was organized with twenty-five grassroots Muslim and Christian women in the northern city of Zaria.


Amina Lemrini Elouahabi

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Amina Lemrini is the founding President of the Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) and a member of their Executive Committee. Founded in 1985, ADFM is a non-governmental organization working for the promotion and defense of women's rights in Morocco. She is also a founding member of the Moroccan Human Rights Organization (OMDH) and a member of the Board of Directors of Collectif 95 Maghreb-Egalité, a women’s regional NGO working in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Ms.

S:SSO to Sakai