At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
May 25, 2011 | Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Lebanon, Morocco
  On May 20, 2011, representatives from civil society, women’s rights organizations, international organizations, including UN Women, the public sector and the diplomatic corps from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, convened in Rabat for a regional seminar on Women and Democratic Transitions in the MENA region.
May 25, 2011 | Advocacy, CEDAW, Coalition of the Feminist Spring for Democracy and Equality, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Morocco
Leading feminists from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia convened May 20-22, 2011 in Rabat for intensive discussions on the challenges to and strategies for advancing women's equality and full political participation in the wake of the Arab Spring.
May 19, 2011 | Guide to Equality in the Family, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Morocco
Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) presented the following memorandum to the Consultative Commission for Constitutional Reform in Morocco to advocate for constitutional reforms in support of women's full equality in society.                      
March 1, 2011 | Africa, unrest, Morocco
A quick look at gender equality in Morocco in the context of uprisings and unrest in the country and the region
December 1, 2010 | Africa, eNews 28, Family Law Reform, Soulaliyates, Women of Collective Lands, Morocco
On November 12th, 2010, Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) and Women Forum for Alternatives Morocco (FMAS) issued the statement: Soulaliyates, a step forward.... Prior to releasing the statement, ADFM had learned of the existence of a Ministry of Interior document that recognizes, henceforth, the right of women to enjoy compensation for collective lands transfers throughout Morocco on an equal footing with men. Convinced of the credibility of its sources, ADFM decided to produce the press release and called a press conference to raise public awareness on campaign developments, but also as a measure of pressure on the authorities to prevent any decline in this momentum.
June 25, 2010 | Family Law Reform, Morocco
Declaration of the Creation of the Coalition: "Springtime of Dignity" For a penal code that protects women from discrimination and violence The coalition, "Springtime of Dignity," is bringing together associations that defend and promote women's and human rights and that have decided to work in synergy in a lobbying movement, "For a penal code that protects women from discrimination and violence." The coalition, "Springtime of Dignity," draws its strength from its values and accomplishments:
October 9, 2009 | Human Rights, Morocco
On the eve of the celebration of the National Day of Moroccan Women, we learn with satisfaction that the Minister of the Interior just designated the Soulaliyates Women with the right to benefit, under the same rules as men, from the next cessions of communal lands. This decision is the culmination of many steps and actions with relevant officials; it also repairs the sense of injustice felt by thousands of women who have tirelessly condemned the archaic law that deprived them of their lands.
August 31, 2009 | Leadership, Leading to Choices, Political Participation, Mauritania, Morocco
From 13 to 16 March 2009, the Association of Women Heads of Families (AFCF) organized a training workshop for trainers in female leadership in collaboration with the Democratic Association of Moroccan Women (ADFM) and with support from Women’s Learning Partnership for Rights Development and Peace (WLP). According to Ms. El Moctar, president of AFCF, female leadership is feasible in Mauritania. “We cannot wait for a favorable situation. One cannot expect that people give us the opportunity to evolve as leaders. It is up to us, women, to win and create this dynamic of leadership, whatever the political, environmental, economical, and social situation."
June 23, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, eNews 24, Lebanon, Morocco
The final communiqué issued by the conference conveners emphasized the necessity to step up campaign activities in all Arab countries, target major state and non-state institutions, strengthen alliance-building within and beyond the region, and invest in further media work and building capacities. Continued collective action, regional and global alliance-building, as well as relentless campaigning, were identified as key strategies for success.
March 5, 2009 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, eNews 23, Lebanon, Morocco
Naciri explains that "the importance of CEDAW is that it is a common and coherent tool for implementation [of women’s rights] and for measuring progress. Thus, women and human rights organizations need to mobilize to ensure that CEDAW and other Human Rights conventions are duly and truthfully implemented within each country. This implies that positive changes and transformation are brought in at the level of women's lives, conditions and positions."


Fatema Mernissi

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Fatema Mernissi is a senior researcher at the University Institute for Scientific Research and professor of Sociology at Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco. Her research has explored such themes as Islam and women's rights, the role of women in the Morocan economy, and women and civil-society development. In 1997 she began the "Synergie Civique" project to enhance NGO leaders' writing and communication skills and to conduct research on the expansion of civil-society.

S:SSO to Sakai