Morocco

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
June 25, 2010 | Family Law Reform, Morocco
Declaration of the Creation of the Coalition: "Springtime of Dignity" For a penal code that protects women from discrimination and violence The coalition, "Springtime of Dignity," is bringing together associations that defend and promote women's and human rights and that have decided to work in synergy in a lobbying movement, "For a penal code that protects women from discrimination and violence." The coalition, "Springtime of Dignity," draws its strength from its values and accomplishments:
October 9, 2009 | Human Rights, Morocco
On the eve of the celebration of the National Day of Moroccan Women, we learn with satisfaction that the Minister of the Interior just designated the Soulaliyates Women with the right to benefit, under the same rules as men, from the next cessions of communal lands. This decision is the culmination of many steps and actions with relevant officials; it also repairs the sense of injustice felt by thousands of women who have tirelessly condemned the archaic law that deprived them of their lands.
August 31, 2009 | Leadership, Leading to Choices, Political Participation, Mauritania, Morocco
From 13 to 16 March 2009, the Association of Women Heads of Families (AFCF) organized a training workshop for trainers in female leadership in collaboration with the Democratic Association of Moroccan Women (ADFM) and with support from Women’s Learning Partnership for Rights Development and Peace (WLP). According to Ms. El Moctar, president of AFCF, female leadership is feasible in Mauritania. “We cannot wait for a favorable situation. One cannot expect that people give us the opportunity to evolve as leaders. It is up to us, women, to win and create this dynamic of leadership, whatever the political, environmental, economical, and social situation."
June 23, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, eNews 24, Lebanon, Morocco
The final communiqué issued by the conference conveners emphasized the necessity to step up campaign activities in all Arab countries, target major state and non-state institutions, strengthen alliance-building within and beyond the region, and invest in further media work and building capacities. Continued collective action, regional and global alliance-building, as well as relentless campaigning, were identified as key strategies for success.
March 5, 2009 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, eNews 23, Lebanon, Morocco
Naciri explains that "the importance of CEDAW is that it is a common and coherent tool for implementation [of women’s rights] and for measuring progress. Thus, women and human rights organizations need to mobilize to ensure that CEDAW and other Human Rights conventions are duly and truthfully implemented within each country. This implies that positive changes and transformation are brought in at the level of women's lives, conditions and positions."
January 6, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Morocco
We have been informed that local authorities, in agreement with representatives of tribes, have secretly given compensation to men only and have failed to publish the lists of beneficiaries as stipulated in the circular of the Ministry of Interior. An example of these practices has taken place in November of 2008 where women of the tribe of Saknia in the province of Kenitra were excluded from collectively-used lands benefits.
January 6, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Morocco
The royal letter to the Moroccan Consultative Council of human rights (CCDH) on December 10th, 2008 on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, announced the withdrawal of the reservations expressed to CEDAW at its ratification by Morocco in 1993.
February 26, 2008 | Brazil, Leadership, eNews 19, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2008 Events, Morocco, Nicaragua
The Institute brought together twenty-four participants from seven countries in the region: Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador. The participants, all of whom were experienced trainers and activists, welcomed the leadership concepts and methodologies offered in the manual, as well as the application of the leadership concept and methodology to diverse fields, including economic justice, women’s health and reproductive rights, violence against women, indigenous rights, human rights, youth advocacy, and microfinance.
January 2, 2008 | Leading to Choices, Young & Emerging Leaders, Morocco
“The proverb, ‘It is through fun and enjoyment that one learns the most’ is well-suited for this training. It opened our eyes to a type of collegial and participative learning environment, based on a positive atmosphere! We learned a lot while having fun. We hope that this evening, our relationships will be ‘To be continued’ instead of ‘The End’,” commented one youth participant at the end of the Institute.
February 9, 2007 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Morocco
As part of Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc’s advocacy initiative, debates were held in Morocco on Wednesday January 31st over the much anticipated reformed Nationality Code which was passed by the Government Council two weeks ago.

Profile

Amina Lemrini Elouahabi

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Amina Lemrini is the founding President of the Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) and a member of their Executive Committee. Founded in 1985, ADFM is a non-governmental organization working for the promotion and defense of women's rights in Morocco. She is also a founding member of the Moroccan Human Rights Organization (OMDH) and a member of the Board of Directors of Collectif 95 Maghreb-Egalité, a women’s regional NGO working in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Ms.

S:SSO to Sakai