Morocco

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
January 9, 2012 | constitutional reforms, Family Law Reform, Guide to Equality in the Family, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, women's rights, Political Participation, Morocco
To Mr. Abdelilah Benkirane Head of GovernmentWe are pleased to address you, after your appointment by King Mohammed VI, as Head of the Government, wishing you every success in your mission.
November 30, 2011 | Africa, arab spring, Claiming Equal Citizenship, constitutional reform, Human Rights, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, women's rights, Leading to Action, Political Participation, Morocco
By Lina Abou-Habib  Executive Director of WLP Lebanon/CRTD.AAmidst revolts, uncertain futures, the dismantling of theocratic regimes, the emergence of conservative forces and serious threats facing women in the MENA region, the recent changes in Morocco not only herald a positive transformatory process but also highlight the consistency and strength of the independent feminist movement in that country.
November 4, 2011 | arab spring, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, Bahrain, ICT for Social Change, Leading to Action, Egypt, Political Participation, 2011 Events, Iran, Jordan, Morocco
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 
July 1, 2011 | Africa, Claiming Equal Citizenship, constitutional reform, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Morocco
WLP MOROCCO/ADFM PRESS RELEASE: The Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM), as an autonomous feminist association, having considered the various provisions of the draft constitution for fundamental rights and freedoms, particularly those relating to women's human rights, considers that: • This project comes at a time of accelerated change in the countries of the southern Mediterranean and the Middle East, and reflects the current state of our society and its political and social actors. It broadly reflects the aspirations of Moroccans to a more dignified life;
May 25, 2011 | Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Lebanon, Morocco
  On May 20, 2011, representatives from civil society, women’s rights organizations, international organizations, including UN Women, the public sector and the diplomatic corps from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, convened in Rabat for a regional seminar on Women and Democratic Transitions in the MENA region.
May 25, 2011 | Advocacy, CEDAW, Coalition of the Feminist Spring for Democracy and Equality, Middle East, Morocco, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Morocco
Leading feminists from Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, and Tunisia convened May 20-22, 2011 in Rabat for intensive discussions on the challenges to and strategies for advancing women's equality and full political participation in the wake of the Arab Spring.
May 19, 2011 | Guide to Equality in the Family, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Morocco
Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) presented the following memorandum to the Consultative Commission for Constitutional Reform in Morocco to advocate for constitutional reforms in support of women's full equality in society.                      
March 1, 2011 | Africa, unrest, Morocco
A quick look at gender equality in Morocco in the context of uprisings and unrest in the country and the region
December 1, 2010 | Africa, eNews 28, Family Law Reform, Soulaliyates, Women of Collective Lands, Morocco
On November 12th, 2010, Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) and Women Forum for Alternatives Morocco (FMAS) issued the statement: Soulaliyates, a step forward.... Prior to releasing the statement, ADFM had learned of the existence of a Ministry of Interior document that recognizes, henceforth, the right of women to enjoy compensation for collective lands transfers throughout Morocco on an equal footing with men. Convinced of the credibility of its sources, ADFM decided to produce the press release and called a press conference to raise public awareness on campaign developments, but also as a measure of pressure on the authorities to prevent any decline in this momentum.

Profile

Najat Rochdi

Najat Rochdi, a computer science engineer with a masters degree in mathematics, is the Regional Coordinator of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Information and Communication Technology for Development in Arab Region (ICTDAR) initiative. She previously served as Morocco's Deputy Minister in charge of Small and Medium Enterprise and e-services development, and as Director of Cooperation and ICT Development in the Moroccan Ministry of Post and Information Technology. Ms.

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