Morocco

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
December 10, 2013 | Human Rights, Middle East, 2013 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco
  This February WLP launches our inaugural online Forum: Identity, Gender, and Activism in the Middle East-North Africa An Interactive Online Discussion with Activists & Artists from the Region Wednesday, February 5, 2014 11:00 AM EST / 16:00 GMT
November 15, 2013 | Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Morocco
While Morocco women’s rights activists and organizations have long been seeking a comprehensive law to combat gender-based violence, the bill recently drafted by the Ministry of Solidarity, Family, Women and Social Development (bill 103.13, 2013) was far from what the women’s movement sought.
November 15, 2013 | gbv, Human Rights, Legislation, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Morocco
Press statement of Moroccan feminist movement RE: Bill 103.13 on the "Fight against violence against women"Casablanca, November 6, 2013 Feminist associations, member associations of the "Spring of Dignity,” and collective and national networks of women’s counseling centers met in Casablanca on November 6th, 2013 to examine bill 103.13 on the "Fight against violence against women" prepared by the M
March 15, 2013 | Arab Caucus, csw 57, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, violence against women, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
**WLP joins partner organizations and others in the MENA region, and those from outside the region standing in solidarity for women’s full human rights, including the right to be free from violence, in the MENA region. The statement below was originally posted on here on the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies website.** 
March 8, 2013 | Because Our Cause is Just, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Palestine, Turkey
Because Our Cause is Just is an eye-opening documentary about the struggle of women in countries experiencing the so-called “Arab Spring.” Begun as a civil movement of women and men seeking human rights and justice after decades of dictatorship, the revolutionary wave has not yielded justice for all. Instead, the political openings caused by these revolts have been exploited by Islamist groups who seek to not only exclude women from the political process but to remove them from public life through intimidation, oppressive legislation, and even physical violence. Through powerful interviews and on-the-ground footage, the film reveals how women in the Middle East-North Africa region are continuing to fight for the right to be part of their countries evolving political systems. The film is available in English, Arabic, and French.
December 10, 2012 | Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria
 Each year activists, youth, local and international organizations, and governmental officials committed to eliminating violence against women participate in the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence. This annual campaign commences on November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and lasts through December 10, International Human Rights Day.As part of WLP’s 2012 campaign activities, we held the online premieres of our Arabic, French, and Spanish subtitled-editions of the documentary, From Fear to Freedom: Ending Violence Against Women. In WLP’s film, released in 2012, leading experts and activists from across the globe discuss the root causes of gender-based violence (GBV), share strategies to combat it, and provide inspiring accounts of the important milestones already achieved through the international women’s movement.
December 5, 2012 | Arabic, gender-based violence, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
   امرأة واحدة على الأقل من أصل ثلاث نساء في العالم تقع ضحية العنف، و يعد ذلك أحد أسوأ أشكال الانتهاك لحقوق الإنسان على وجه الأرض -– وهو حاضر في كل بلد وثقافة وديانة وطبقة اجتماعية.
November 26, 2012 | csw, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, بيان لجنة وضع المرأة, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Victories over Violence, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
 إن الموضوع الرئيسي للجنة وضع المرأة للدورة السابعة والخمسين هو العنف ضد المرأة. نحن، في "شراكة تعلم المرأة"، نؤمن بأهمية هذا الموضوع في هذا الوقت خاصة في ظل الثورات التي جرت مؤخراً والتحولات الجارية في مناطق من العالم لا تزال النساء فيها غير حاصلات على حقوقهن.*  

Profile

Zakia Salime

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Zakia Salime is founder of Women's Space, a non-governmental organization in Morocco that works to improve women's skills in microcredit and their access to market funds. She is also President of Espace Point de Depart (ESPOD) Association for Promoting Women’s Micro-Enterprises. Currently a doctoral candidate at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, in 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 she received a Goodwin Fellowship for her work in Sociology with a concentration in Gender Relations and International Development.

S:SSO to Sakai