Morocco

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #129
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51
HDI Ranking3 #130
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population32.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,100
HDI ranking3#130
Population under age 1527%
Urban population58%
Internet users51%
LanguagesArabic (official), Berber dialects, French

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 129 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 64% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 17%/2%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.51 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 55% Women in Parliament ranking #80/133
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 64.6% (47.3%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#62)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 400 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 2.3 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas Yes

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Our Partner

Association Démocratique des Femmes du Maroc (ADFM) is an autonomous, non-profit feminist NGO, which aims to promote women's rights in order to increase women's power and influence in the juridical, political, economic and social spheres to build an egalitarian society based on democracy and sustainable development. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
April 16, 2014 | Human Rights, Middle East, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
On Thursday, March 13, 2014 in Rabat the regional Equality Without Reservation Coalition launched its renewed call for the lifting
April 16, 2014 | CEDAW, Equality without Reservation, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
   Equality Without Reservation (EWR) is an campaign based in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region, consisting of 120 organizations from 17 Arab countries, advocating for the removal of all reservations to the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); ratification of the Convention’s Optional Protocol; and full implementation of the Con
January 9, 2014 | article 475, Human Rights, Middle East, Morocco, rape, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Morocco
  Following significant advocacy by WLP Morocco/ADFM and other Moroccan women’s rights organizations, on January 8, 2014, the Moroccan Parliament finally adopted the draft law to amend article 475 of the Criminal /penal Code, which allowed rapists to escape prosecution if they married their victim.
December 10, 2013 | 2013 Events, Human Rights, Middle East, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco
  This February WLP launches our inaugural online Forum: Identity, Gender, and Activism in the Middle East-North Africa An Interactive Online Discussion with Activists & Artists from the Region Wednesday, February 5, 2014 11:00 AM EST / 16:00 GMT
November 15, 2013 | Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Morocco
While Morocco women’s rights activists and organizations have long been seeking a comprehensive law to combat gender-based violence, the bill recently drafted by the Ministry of Solidarity, Family, Women and Social Development (bill 103.13, 2013) was far from what the women’s movement sought.
November 15, 2013 | gbv, Human Rights, Legislation, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Morocco
Press statement of Moroccan feminist movement RE: Bill 103.13 on the "Fight against violence against women"Casablanca, November 6, 2013 Feminist associations, member associations of the "Spring of Dignity,” and collective and national networks of women’s counseling centers met in Casablanca on November 6th, 2013 to examine bill 103.13 on the "Fight against violence against women" prepared by the M

Profile

Fatema Mernissi

Professor of Sociology / University Institute for Scientific Research
Nationality:  Morocco
Profession:  Professor/Teacher, Scholar/Writer, Social Scientist
Languages Spoken:  Arabic, English, French
Area(s) of Expertise:  Arts & Culture, Gender and Development
Country/Region of Expertise:  Middle East, Morocco, North Africa

Fatema Mernissi is a senior researcher at the University Institute for Scientific Research and professor of Sociology at Mohammed V University in Rabat, Morocco. Her research has explored such themes as Islam and women's rights, the role of women in the Morocan economy, and women and civil-society development. In 1997 she began the "Synergie Civique" project to enhance NGO leaders' writing and communication skills and to conduct research on the expansion of civil-society.

S:SSO to Sakai