Mauritania

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #119
Gender Inequality Index2 0.605
HDI Ranking3 #159
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/14%
Women in Parliament ranking #59
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 23% (#33)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1961/1961

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Overview
GovernmentMilitary junta
Total population3.4 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,000
HDI ranking3#159
Population under age 1540%
Urban population41%
Internet users5%
LanguagesArabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #119 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 78% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/14%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.605 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 39% Women in Parliament ranking #59
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 23% (#33)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1961/1961
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 44 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 4.5 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 88 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

L'Association des Femmes Chefs de Famille (AFCF) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) with over 5,000 members. The primary mission of AFCF is to promote human rights and to defend the rights of women and children; bring about support for women in precarious situations, particularly those who are the head of the household; create a network of associations that fight for the improvement of living conditions of women heads of households and their children; contribute to the emergence of an active solidarity amongst women of different social classes; and fight for equality amongst men and women. Read more >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
November 21, 2017 | 16 Days, 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence, Africa, Americas, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
From November 25 to December 10, 2017, WLP partners from all over the globe will organize and participate in workshops, film screenings, and events as part of the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence. Since its inception in 1991, more than 5,000 organizations from over 180 countries have participated. This year's theme, Together We Can End GBV in Education, places a strong emphasis on the human rights framework in order to advocate for institutional and policy change that prevents and addresses GBV in education.  
November 2, 2017 | 2017 Events, TPC, Transnational Partner Convening, Brazil, Leadership, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women's Learning Partnership (WLP) gathered representatives from its grassroots women's rights organizations around the world for the Transnational Partnership Convening (TPC) in Potomac, Maryland. This annual meeting brings together leaders and activists that comprise the Partnership to share ideas, plan for future initiatives, and review the successes and challenges of the past year. The event facilitates knowledge sharing and builds solidarity among advocates of the global women’s movement.
January 17, 2017 | 2017 Events, Human Rights, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership’s Written Statement for the Women’s March on Washington Taking Place on January 21, 2017In every aspect of her life, a woman's autonomy, freedom, and opportunities are shaped by the degree to which her nation's laws uphold gender equality, and which cultural practices limit her ability to participate in decision making at the family, national and country levels.
October 19, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, TPC, Transnational Partners Convening, Brazil, Leadership, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Indonesia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership hosted its 16th Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland from October 1 through 4, 2016. The meeting brought together representatives from partner organizations in Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Turkey, and Zimbabwe.
April 28, 2016 | 2016 Events, Africa, mauritania, political participation, Victories Over Violence, women's political participation, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Political Participation, Victories over Violence, Mauritania
AFCF, WLP’s partner in Mauritania, conducted leadership trainings for female elected officials during March and April of 2016. Twenty-five women policymakers participated in total—ten parliamentarians from the capital of Nouakchott and 15 others representing various municipalities in the country.  
August 14, 2014 | Africa, aminetou mint moctar, extremism, Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, human rights defenders, mauritania, Mauritania
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April 16, 2014 | Human Rights, Middle East, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
On Thursday, March 13, 2014 in Rabat the regional Equality Without Reservation Coalition launched its renewed call for the lifting
April 16, 2014 | CEDAW, Equality without Reservation, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
   Equality Without Reservation (EWR) is an campaign based in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region, consisting of 120 organizations from 17 Arab countries, advocating for the removal of all reservations to the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); ratification of the Convention’s Optional Protocol; and full implementation of the Con
S:SSO to Sakai