Mauritania

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #119
Gender Inequality Index2 0.605
HDI Ranking3 #159
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/14%
Women in Parliament ranking #59
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 23% (#33)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1961/1961

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Overview
GovernmentMilitary junta
Total population3.4 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $2,000
HDI ranking3#159
Population under age 1540%
Urban population41%
Internet users5%
LanguagesArabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #119 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 78% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 22%/14%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.605 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 39% Women in Parliament ranking #59
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 23% (#33)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1961/1961
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 44 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 4.5 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 88 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

L'Association des Femmes Chefs de Famille (AFCF) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) with over 5,000 members. The primary mission of AFCF is to promote human rights and to defend the rights of women and children; bring about support for women in precarious situations, particularly those who are the head of the household; create a network of associations that fight for the improvement of living conditions of women heads of households and their children; contribute to the emergence of an active solidarity amongst women of different social classes; and fight for equality amongst men and women. Read more >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
April 16, 2014 | Human Rights, Middle East, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
On Thursday, March 13, 2014 in Rabat the regional Equality Without Reservation Coalition launched its renewed call for the lifting
April 16, 2014 | CEDAW, Equality without Reservation, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
   Equality Without Reservation (EWR) is an campaign based in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region, consisting of 120 organizations from 17 Arab countries, advocating for the removal of all reservations to the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); ratification of the Convention’s Optional Protocol; and full implementation of the Con
November 26, 2012 | csw, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, بيان لجنة وضع المرأة, Bahrain, Egypt, Victories over Violence, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
 إن الموضوع الرئيسي للجنة وضع المرأة للدورة السابعة والخمسين هو العنف ضد المرأة. نحن، في "شراكة تعلم المرأة"، نؤمن بأهمية هذا الموضوع في هذا الوقت خاصة في ظل الثورات التي جرت مؤخراً والتحولات الجارية في مناطق من العالم لا تزال النساء فيها غير حاصلات على حقوقهن.*  
November 14, 2012 | 2012 Events, Americas, Leading to Action, Brazil, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
February 23, 2012 | Mauritania
L'Association des Femmes Chefs de Famille (AFCF) is a non-governmental organization (NGO) with over 5,000 members. The primary mission of AFCF is to promote human rights and to defend the rights of women and children; bring about support for women in precarious situations, particularly those who are the head of the household; create a network of associations that fight for the improvement of living conditions of women heads of households and their children; contribute to the emergence of an active solidarity amongst women of different social classes; and fight for equality among men and women.
August 31, 2009 | Leading To Choices, Leadership, Political Participation, Mauritania, Morocco
From 13 to 16 March 2009, the Association of Women Heads of Families (AFCF) organized a training workshop for trainers in female leadership in collaboration with the Democratic Association of Moroccan Women (ADFM) and with support from Women’s Learning Partnership for Rights Development and Peace (WLP). According to Ms. El Moctar, president of AFCF, female leadership is feasible in Mauritania. “We cannot wait for a favorable situation. One cannot expect that people give us the opportunity to evolve as leaders. It is up to us, women, to win and create this dynamic of leadership, whatever the political, environmental, economical, and social situation."
August 7, 2008 | Mauritania
AFCF demands a return to constitutional legality and the reinstatement of the democratically-elected president and his government, and calls on all human rights institutions, activists and personalities to resolutely reject this coup d’état and to defend Mauritania’s democratic constitutional order.
S:SSO to Sakai