Lebanon

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #122
Gender Inequality Index2 0.44
HDI Ranking3 #71
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #137
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1952/1952

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population4.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $15,500
HDI ranking3#71
Population under age 1523%
Urban population87%
Internet users52%
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #122 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 92% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.44 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio -- Women in Parliament ranking #137
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 15.9% (31.6%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1952/1952
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2100 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Collective for Research & Training on Development-Action (CRTD-A) provides technical training and support to non-governmental organizations, governmental partners, researchers, and international agencies in areas of social and community development, with an emphasis on gender equality and equity. CRTD-A focuses on qualitative, participatory, and action-oriented social research, and produces original literature on gender and development, gender mainstreaming, gender training, social development, civil society, and poverty. CRTD-A also provides consultancy services for non-governmental organizations and other development actors in gender related areas. Read more >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
May 25, 2011 | Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Lebanon, Morocco
  On May 20, 2011, representatives from civil society, women’s rights organizations, international organizations, including UN Women, the public sector and the diplomatic corps from Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, and Lebanon, convened in Rabat for a regional seminar on Women and Democratic Transitions in the MENA region.
May 13, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Guide to Equality in the Family, Human Rights, Middle East, nationality, nationality campaign, Egypt, Lebanon
  After tireless efforts, women's rights activists have reached another milestone with Egyptian women married to Palestinian men gaining the right to pass their nationality to their children. WLP is pleased to share the following statement on behalf of the Arab Women's Right to Nationality Campaign in Lebanon, part of WLP's regional Claiming Equal Citizenship campaign.
March 3, 2011 | Asia, unrest, Lebanon
A quick look at gender equality in Lebanon in the context of uprisings and unrest in the country and the region
December 13, 2010 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Equality without Reservation, Human Rights, Middle East, nationality campaign, Lebanon
On December 3rd, 2010, WLP partner Collective for Research and Training on Development–Action (CRTD-A) held a panel discussion at the Saint Joseph University (USJ) in Beirut to address the issue of women's right to nationality and full citizenship. The panel was part of a full day of activities to celebrate International Volunteer Day. These activities—which included petition signing, side discussions, and a film screening—aimed to mobilize students in support of the Claiming Equal Citizenship and Equality without Reservation campaigns, calling for recognition of women as equal citizens in all areas of life.
November 17, 2010 | Asia, Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Lebanon
Since the United Nations General Assembly approved CEDAW in 1979, 18 out of 21 Arab states have ratified it, Egypt being the first in 1981 and Oman the last in 2006. It took several MENAG countries more than 20 years to sign and ratify CEDAW and not without expressing reservations thus undermining the essence of this Convention which remains the only treaty to focus exclusively on the rights of women. These reservations in fact reflected an institutional mindset which rejected the idea of "equality between women and men" and ignored the concept of inclusive citizenship. In doing so, Arab states reaffirmed that women will remain second class subordinate citizens.
November 15, 2010 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Middle East, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Lebanon
The fourth in a series of Leading to Choices workshops was held on November 3rd and 4th, 2010, in Ta'alabaya, Lebanon in partnership with Najdeh Association. This village, with many mixed marriages, has numerous women who have been adversely impacted by their inability to pass on their nationality to their family members.
November 20, 2009 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Lebanon
After four full months of political emptiness, a promising atmosphere is now prevailing with the new ‘national unity government’. The previous “caretaker” government annulled the court ruling by which a Lebanese woman was given the right to pass on her nationality to her four children. Amid all these developments and updates, the nationality campaign has vigorously resumed its advocacy work with one major aim: “amending current unjust nationality law, without any exemptions.”
August 14, 2009 | Middle East, ICT for Social Change, Making IT Our Own, Lebanon
Women's Learning Partnership (WLP) and Collective for Research and Training on Development-Action convened a National Institute for Training of Women Trainers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Social Change in Beirut, Lebanon from Dec 9-12, 2007. The Institute was facilitated by WLP colleague Usha Venkatachallam. Learn more about the Institute through the photo blog below.
June 23, 2009 | Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, eNews 24, Lebanon, Morocco
The final communiqué issued by the conference conveners emphasized the necessity to step up campaign activities in all Arab countries, target major state and non-state institutions, strengthen alliance-building within and beyond the region, and invest in further media work and building capacities. Continued collective action, regional and global alliance-building, as well as relentless campaigning, were identified as key strategies for success.
June 23, 2009 | eNews 24, Organizational Capacity Building, Jordan, Lebanon, Nigeria, Palestine
WLP and its partners are piloting a new process where peers cooperate to help each other's organizations through the strategic planning process. In peer-to-peer strategic planning, individuals familiar with the organization and its activities, and equally committed to its success, participate in developing plans for the future. Most critically, a peer has linguistic compatibility and socio-cultural understanding, and also shares the history and values of the Partnership, vision for gender justice, and knowledge of the women's movement and culturally-adapted strategies in women's rights work. This allows for deeper understanding and clearer communication between the facilitator and the organization in the strategic planning process.

Profile

Afifa Dirani Arsanios

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Afifa Arsanios is the Advisor to the Minister of Culture and Education in Beirut, Lebanon and a former diplomat in the Lebanese Foreign Service. She has held a number of diplomatic positions in international agencies including the UN General Assembly, the World Bank, and the UN Development Program. Ms. Arsanios is an Advisor to the Women's Learning Partnership and the Global Fund for Women. In 1994, she founded a chapter of the Sisterhood is Global Institute in Lebanon, establishing training programs in women's human rights for Muslim women in the Bekaa Valley.

S:SSO to Sakai