Lebanon

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #122
Gender Inequality Index2 0.44
HDI Ranking3 #71
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #137
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1952/1952

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population4.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $15,500
HDI ranking3#71
Population under age 1523%
Urban population87%
Internet users52%
LanguagesArabic (official), French, English, Armenian

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #122 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 92% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.44 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio -- Women in Parliament ranking #137
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 15.9% (31.6%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1952/1952
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2100 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 18 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Collective for Research & Training on Development-Action (CRTD-A) provides technical training and support to non-governmental organizations, governmental partners, researchers, and international agencies in areas of social and community development, with an emphasis on gender equality and equity. CRTD-A focuses on qualitative, participatory, and action-oriented social research, and produces original literature on gender and development, gender mainstreaming, gender training, social development, civil society, and poverty. CRTD-A also provides consultancy services for non-governmental organizations and other development actors in gender related areas. Read more >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
August 24, 2012 | citizenship, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Lebanon, Middle East, nationality, Leading to Action, Lebanon
The Women's Right to Nationality Campaign is pleased to introduce the "zero" issue of its new Nationality Newsletter.   The Nationality Newsletter (Arabic) seeks to highlight key news related to this advocacy campaign.  It also provides regular updates on the campaign's activities seeking to reform the nationality law in Lebanon.
March 7, 2012 | Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, Lebanon
Dans le cadre du mois de la Francophonie au Liban et à l'occasion de la Journée Internationale de la FemmeL'Ambassade du Canada au Liban et le Centre for Research and Training on Development-Action ont l'honneur de vous inviter à une conférence intitulée" Quel printemps pour la femme arabe ?"Le vendredi 16 mars 2012, de 9h00 à 15h30, à l'Hôtel Le Bristol, Beyrouth
February 27, 2012 | Middle East, 2012 Events, Lebanon
  Women's Social and Economic Rights in Light of Political Changes in the Arab Region 10:30 AM - 12:00 PM Monday, March 5, 2012
December 14, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Middle East, political participation, Lebanon
In its meeting of 12 December 2011, the current Cabinet endorsed a draft law to reinstate Lebanese nationality to emigrants of Lebanese descent.  However, the draft law was endorsed after “minor modifications” according to the current Minister of Interior, Brigadier Marwan Charbel.  The “minor modification” was the specification that Lebanese descent shall be limited to fathers and grandfathers only - Not mothers or grandmothers.  The “minor modification” is yet again further proof of Lebanon’s persistent patriarchal mindset which clearly considers citizenship to be a male attribute.WLP would like to share the following statement on behalf of the Arab Women's Right to Nationality Campaign in Lebanon, part of WLP's regional Claiming Equal Citizenship campaign. 
July 12, 2011 | Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Political Participation, Lebanon
Feminist organizations from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Syria, and Lebanon convened a meeting in Beirut on June 27th and 28th, hosted by WLP Lebanon/CRTD-A. Partners from Bahrain were unable to attend due to the unstable security situation in their country. Participating organizations are active members of WLP International as well as the Equality without Reservation Coalition.
June 28, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Lebanon
Collective for Research & Training on Development-Action (CRTD-A) provides technical training and support to non-governmental organizations, governmental partners, researchers, and international agencies in areas of social and community development, with an emphasis on gender equality and equity. CRTD-A focuses on qualitative, participatory, and action-oriented social research, and produces original literature on gender and development, gender mainstreaming, gender training, social development, civil society, and poverty. CRTD-A also provides consultancy services for non-governmental organizations and other development actors in gender related areas.
June 24, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Lebanon
Local events being held by CRTD-A, June 2011 On June 24 2011, WLP Lebanon/CTRD-A brought together 100 women who are involved with the Claiming Equal Citizenship campaign for a consultation and planning meeting, to organize a public advocacy event on the campaign. This event came in the wake of the appointment of a new government in Lebanon, and the increasing concern for Lebanon's commitment to the full implementation of CEDAW, notably through the reform of the family laws and of the discriminatory nationality laws. WLP will continue to provide updates on the events connected with this initiative. On June 27 and 28 2011, CRTD-A will be convening an annual regional meeting of the coalition of organizations that work together on the Claiming Equal Citizenship and Equality without Reservation campaigns in Beirut. The working group will be discussing the events of the Arab Spring in the region, and how these events have impacted, and will continue to impact, women and women’s rights. The group will also collaborate on a press release regarding women’s participation in the Arab Spring, and the emerging critical issues for women in the region, particularly with the growing visibility and mobilization of fundamentalist religious and political groups.
June 24, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Middle East, Lebanon
After nearly five months of negotiations, Lebanon’s government announced the formation of the new Cabinet, with Prime Minister Najib Mitaki at its head. The absence of women from the new Cabinet has sparked controversy and angered women’s rights groups throughout the country, and has added to the continuing tension between political factions. As the appointed government prepares to draft its ministerial statement, the ‘My Nationality is a Right for Me and My Family’ campaign urges the Mikati government to uphold the Lebanese state commitment to ensure equal citizenship through the reform of the discriminatory nationality laws.

Profile

Nayla Moawad

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Nayla Moawad is a member of the Lebanese Parliament serving on the Budget and Finance Committee, Women's and Children's Rights Committee, and the Telecommunications Committe. She began her career in politics in 1989 and since that time has fought for human rights, freedom of expression, social justice, and good governance in Lebanon. Ms.

S:SSO to Sakai