Kyrgyzstan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings 
Gender Gap Ranking1#54
Gender Inequality Index20.37
HDI Ranking3#126
Political Participation 
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses23%/--
Women in Parliament ranking#54
Women at ministerial level (ranking)10% (#66)
Year women received right to vote/be elected1918/1918

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Overview 
GovernmentRepublic
Total population5.5 million
GDP per capita (PPP)$2,400
HDI ranking3#126
Population under age 1530%
Urban population35%
Internet users40%
LanguagesKyrgyz 65%, Uzbek 14%, Russian 12.5%, others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation 
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1#54Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males99%Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses23%/--
Gender Inequality Index20.37Population with secondary education, female/male ratio100%Women in Parliament ranking#54
  Vulnerable employment for women (men)447.1% (47.4%)Women at ministerial level (ranking)10% (#66)
    Year women received right to vote/be elected1918/1918
  Health Quotas 
  Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in480Quota typeReserved seats
  Births per woman2.7Constitutional quota in lower houseNo
  Births per 1000 women aged 15-1929Electoral quota in lower houseYes
    Voluntary political party quotasNo

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Our Partner

Human Rights Movement: Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan, is the successor of the NGO “Citizens Against Corruption” (CAC ), which was founded in May 2000. The mission of Bir Duino is to protect human rights, particularly freedom of association, to defend the political space for Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) in Kyrgyzstan through culture and arts, and to facilitate practical implementation of humanitarian articles, international legal instruments, and other obligations of Kyrgyzstan in the field of human rights and fundamental freedoms.Bir Duino aims to decrease corruption, poverty, and injustice in Kyrgyzstan by empowering local NGOs and activists to become sustainable, self-sufficient civil society actors and activists, involving them in decision making processes at all levels. READ MORE >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
March 18, 2008 | Political Participation, 2008 Events, Kyrgyzstan, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine
The 21st century is the century for women and politics. Six extraordinary grassroots leaders from four regions of the world discuss practical strategies and culture friendly initiatives that they have used to mobilize women, and especially young women, to participate in making decisions that affect their lives and the lives of their communities.
February 26, 2008 | Stop Violence Against Women, eNews 19, Kyrgyzstan
The human rights situation in Kyrgyzstan has been deteriorating since 2007. The State Committee on National Security has been systematically harassing and detaining those who do not agree with their policies. They have targeted women human rights defenders and independent journalists. Women human rights defenders have faced threats and persecution because of their activities, which include demanding gold mining companies make their activities transparent and providing for the ecological security of the communities close to the mines.
August 31, 2005 | Asia, Leadership, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
Women's Learning Partnership (WLP) together with its regional partner convened a Central Asia Regional Learning Institute for Women's Leadership from August 24-27, 2005 in Shymkent, Kazakhstan. NGO leaders, journalists, and human rights activists from five countries - Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan - participated in the Institute, which consisted of a week-long intensive skills development program in participatory leadership, interactive facilitation, persuasive communication, and effective advocacy campaign development. The Institute took place amidst an atmosphere of heightened security and political tensions in the region. In the face of increasing restrictions on civil society and NGOs, human rights, and press freedom in the region, WLP brought participants together to create a regional network of women's rights advocates working to advance women in leadership and decision-making positions.
August 27, 2005 | Leadership, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, 2005 Events, Uzbekistan
The Institute took place amidst an atmosphere of heightened security and political tensions in the region. In the face of increasing restrictions on civil society and NGOs, human rights, and press freedom in the region, WLP brought participants together to create a regional network of women’s rights advocates working to advance women in leadership and decision-making positions.
S:SSO to Sakai