Kyrgyzstan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings 
Gender Gap Ranking1#54
Gender Inequality Index20.37
HDI Ranking3#126
Political Participation 
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses23%/--
Women in Parliament ranking#54
Women at ministerial level (ranking)10% (#66)
Year women received right to vote/be elected1918/1918

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Overview 
GovernmentRepublic
Total population5.5 million
GDP per capita (PPP)$2,400
HDI ranking3#126
Population under age 1530%
Urban population35%
Internet users40%
LanguagesKyrgyz 65%, Uzbek 14%, Russian 12.5%, others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation 
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1#54Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males99%Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses23%/--
Gender Inequality Index20.37Population with secondary education, female/male ratio100%Women in Parliament ranking#54
  Vulnerable employment for women (men)447.1% (47.4%)Women at ministerial level (ranking)10% (#66)
    Year women received right to vote/be elected1918/1918
  Health Quotas 
  Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in480Quota typeReserved seats
  Births per woman2.7Constitutional quota in lower houseNo
  Births per 1000 women aged 15-1929Electoral quota in lower houseYes
    Voluntary political party quotasNo

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Our Partner

Human Rights Movement: Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan, is the successor of the NGO “Citizens Against Corruption” (CAC ), which was founded in May 2000. The mission of Bir Duino is to protect human rights, particularly freedom of association, to defend the political space for Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) in Kyrgyzstan through culture and arts, and to facilitate practical implementation of humanitarian articles, international legal instruments, and other obligations of Kyrgyzstan in the field of human rights and fundamental freedoms.Bir Duino aims to decrease corruption, poverty, and injustice in Kyrgyzstan by empowering local NGOs and activists to become sustainable, self-sufficient civil society actors and activists, involving them in decision making processes at all levels. READ MORE >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
March 27, 2012 | Asia, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Political Participation, Kyrgyzstan
From March 23-27, 2012 a national Training of Trainers (TOT) on "Leadership and Women's Political Participation" was held by WLP Kyrgyzstan/Citizens Against Corruption as part of WLP's Global Training of Trainers Initiative. 
October 26, 2011 | Human Rights, human rights, Kyrgyzstan, Kyrgyzstan
On September 27, WLP Kyrgyzstan/Human Rights Center “Citizens against Corruption” (CAC) celebrated the opening of its fifth annual One World International Human Rights Documentary Film festival in Bishkek. The event featured documentary films from a broad range of countries, including Afghanistan, Israel, Iran, South Africa, India, Great Britain, Ethiopia,Canada, as well as several from Kygyzstan.
June 3, 2011 | Asia, Leading to Action, Political Participation, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan
WLP convened a Regional Institute on women’s political participation in Central Asia on April 14, 2011 in Shymkent, Kazakhstan, co-organized by WLP Kazakhstan/Shymkent Women's Resource Center and WLP Kyrgyzstan/Human Rights Center “Citizens Against Corruption.” Thirty women leaders, including activists, journalists, students, as well as local and state administrators, participants shared experiences on networking with organizations to advance women’s political participation, promoting the transparency of government agencies, and developing women's leadership in the Central Asia region. They also highlighted the importance of monitoring governmental institutions on the development and implementation of gender policy, analyzing local and national elections, and empowering women on the ground to push for positive change for their full political participation.
November 11, 2010 | Asia, eNews 27, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
For civil society, Central Asia has become one of the most difficult places to work. Freedom of assembly, an open press, and internet usage have eroded throughout the region.Uzbekistan has remained all but closed to NGO activity. WLP's former partner in Uzbekistan, Tashkent Women's Resource Center (TWRC), which organized WLP's first Central Asia Regional Institute in 2005 in cooperation with Shymkent Women's Resource Center (SWRC), was forcibly closed by the government in 2006.Kyrgyzstan has seen significant political turmoil, with a coup in April. A violent outbreak in southern Kyrgyzstan in early June led to further attempts to intimidate and silence human rights activists.
July 8, 2010 | Asia, Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Kyrgyzstan
The society of Kyrgyzstan should not accept such facts and hide them, afraid that an independent evaluation won’t be made and that no one would be held responsible before the law. I hope that the new government, under the President of the transitional period, Mrs. Rosa Otunbayeva, can start work by respecting the highest standards of the rule of law, human rights and development.
June 29, 2010 | Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Kyrgyzstan
Human rights activists in the region have been working extensively to promote transparency and reconciliation efforts, and such efforts to intimidate and silence them are cause for grave concern. Ismailova has been targeted for harassment and arrest on several previous occasions for her human rights activism, most recently in 2009 for peaceful activities in solidarity with Iranian women activists and speaking out in favor of transparent elections.
June 14, 2010 | Human Rights, Kyrgyzstan
Tolekan Ismailova of WLP’s partner in Kyrgyzstan, Human Rights Center "Citizens against Corruption" (CAC) is currently in the conflict zone in southern Kyrgyzstan with a group of human rights defenders, journalists, and Ombudsman representatives visiting local communities, providing humanitarian aid, and working to mediate ethnic tensions.
December 4, 2009 | Organizational Capacity Building, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan
Since its launch in September 2008, WLP's peer-exchange strategic planning and capacity building initiative has been a resounding success. Over the past year, we have seen fruitful exchanges between partners in several countries, including Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Nigeria. Our peer collaboration model has already evolved far beyond our initial hopes, producing not only deep organizational analyses and real results, but also a new level of creativity, outreach, and relationship building among partners and across regions.
June 23, 2009 | eNews 24, Leadership, Leading to Choices, Kyrgyzstan
Many of CAC’s Leading to Choices workshop participants, from Isfana and Naryn, were able to apply what they had learned when they became involved in the Fall 2008 elections, campaigning for local women candidates. Two of the Leading to Choices participants became deputies on local councils.
March 20, 2009 | Human Rights, Human Rights Alerts, Kyrgyzstan
The arbitrary arrests, part of a government crackdown on civil gatherings in the Kyrgyz Republic, are largely at odds with the Kyrgyz Constitution—which guarantees freedom of assembly and peaceful meetings. Many of those detained have been subjected to physical abuse while imprisoned, and allegations of torture have been lodged against authorities.
S:SSO to Sakai