Jordan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #121
Gender Inequality Index2 0.456
HDI Ranking3 #95
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/12%
Women in Parliament ranking #109
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1974/1974

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population6.5 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,900
HDI ranking3#95
Population under age 1535%
Urban population79%
Internet users38%
LanguagesArabic (official), English widely understood among educated classes

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #121 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 93% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/12%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.456 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 77% Women in Parliament ranking #109
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 2.9% (10.9%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1974/1974
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 470 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 3.1 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 28 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Sisterhood Is Global Institute/Jordan (SIGI/J) is a non-governmental, non-profit organization established in 1998. Its founders include lawyers, jurists and human rights activists working to support and promote women's rights through education, skills training and modern technology. Its programs include the Human Rights Education Program based on the Arabic version of the training manual Claiming our Rights; the Combating Violence against Women and Girls Program based on the Arabic version of the training manual Safe and Secure; the Knowledge Partnership Program which provides ICT training; and the Cultural Events Program which highlights the experiences of women leaders. Read more >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
October 27, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Constitution, constitutional reform, Family Law Reform, Jordan, Middle East, Leading to Action, Political Participation, Jordan
In response to demonstrations and protests taking place in Jordan beginning in January 2011, King Abdullah initiated a reform process this past spring focused on political and economic reform. As part of this process the King established a Royal Commission to review the Constitution and make recommendations for amendments.
June 2, 2011 | Africa, Human Rights, Jordan
UN International Commission of Inquiry, including Asma Khader of WLP Jordan/Sisterhood Is Global/Jordan released its report, investigating human rights violations in Libya. The Commission concluded that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed by the Libyan government.
March 3, 2011 | Asia, unrest, Jordan
A quick look at gender equality in Jordan in the context of uprisings and unrest in the country and the region
November 11, 2010 | Middle East, eNews 27, ICT for Social Change, Young & Emerging Leaders, Jordan
Asma Khader surrounded by participants at Youth Tech Festival II In 2009, WLP’s First Annual Youth Tech Festival brought 110 young men and women from all over Jordan to Amman to acquire hands-on skills in using emerging technologies to advocate for social change. The nine-woman technology training team coached the young adults in creating their own engines of social change.Worldwide, young people are using YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, website creation and blogging to connect and talk about the world they want to see and will have to live in.
October 7, 2010 | Americas, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, eNews 27, Brazil, 2010 Events, Jordan
Challenges of Change: Religion, Secularism & Rights Panel 3: Chaired by Regan Ralph, Speakers Jacqueline Pitanguy, Asma Khader, and Eleanor Smeal
December 4, 2009 | Organizational Capacity Building, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan
Since its launch in September 2008, WLP's peer-exchange strategic planning and capacity building initiative has been a resounding success. Over the past year, we have seen fruitful exchanges between partners in several countries, including Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Nigeria. Our peer collaboration model has already evolved far beyond our initial hopes, producing not only deep organizational analyses and real results, but also a new level of creativity, outreach, and relationship building among partners and across regions.
August 14, 2009 | Middle East, eNews 24, ICT for Social Change, Making IT Our Own, Jordan
The room was buzzing. One youth group producing an original YouTube video on domestic violence. Another creating a poster urging youngsters to volunteer. All members of a third team busy on Facebook, inviting friends to join their newly-created group to fight child abuse. More sights such as these were part of the Youth Tech Festival in Jordan where over 90 young women and men (with a 9 all-female technology training team) gathered to acquire hands-on skills to utilize emerging technologies to advocate for social change.
August 14, 2009 | Middle East, ICT for Social Change, Making IT Our Own, Jordan
Women's Learning Partnership (WLP) and Sisterhood Is Global Institute-Jordan (SIGI-J) convened a National Institute for Training of Women Trainers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for Social Change in Amman, Jordan from Dec 3-6, 2007. The Institute was facilitated by WLP colleague Usha Venkatachallam. Learn more about the Institute through the photo blog below.
June 23, 2009 | Events, eNews 24, Brazil, Political Participation, 2009 Events, Jordan, Malaysia
Today, Ms. Afkhami said, we "need to adopt new ways of looking at the forces that produce and control social and cultural power, and focus on strategies that increase women’s leadership and access to power." She went on to describe the connection between women’s leadership and reducing violence against women. "There is new scholarship that shows not only is there a causality between women in power and a reduction in violent conflict, but the original social conditions that allowed for the rise of democracy and greater gender parity included a significant reduction in violent patriarchy."
June 23, 2009 | eNews 24, Organizational Capacity Building, Jordan
Implementing CEDAW without reservations, strengthening Security Council resolution 1325, advocating for family law reform, and shaping new nationality laws that do not discriminate against women were just a few of the topics covered over the course of three days by WLP partners. Meeting in Amman, Jordan from May 30–June 2, at the WLP Partnership’s transnational convening, women from Africa, the Americas, Asia, and the Middle East discussed the political, social, and economic challenges that their organizations are facing, and innovative approaches for bringing about justice and equality for women.

Profile

Rima Khalaf Hunaidi

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Rima Khalaf Hunaidi is Assistant Secretary-General and Director of the UNDP Regional Bureau for Arab States (RBAS). As RBAS Director, Dr. Hunaidi oversees the publication of the UNDP Arab Human Development Report. Dr. Hunaidi has served as a Senator in the Upper House of Parliament, Jordan and a member of the Economic and Social Consultative Council. She has held other high-ranking positions in Jordan including Deputy Prime Minster, Minister of Planning, and Minister of Industry and Trade. Dr.
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