Jordan

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #121
Gender Inequality Index2 0.456
HDI Ranking3 #95
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/12%
Women in Parliament ranking #109
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1974/1974

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population6.5 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $5,900
HDI ranking3#95
Population under age 1535%
Urban population79%
Internet users38%
LanguagesArabic (official), English widely understood among educated classes

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #121 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 93% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/12%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.456 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 77% Women in Parliament ranking #109
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 2.9% (10.9%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#78)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1974/1974
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 470 Quota type Reserved seats
Births per woman 3.1 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 28 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Sisterhood Is Global Institute/Jordan (SIGI/J) is a non-governmental, non-profit organization established in 1998. Its founders include lawyers, jurists and human rights activists working to support and promote women's rights through education, skills training and modern technology. Its programs include the Human Rights Education Program based on the Arabic version of the training manual Claiming our Rights; the Combating Violence against Women and Girls Program based on the Arabic version of the training manual Safe and Secure; the Knowledge Partnership Program which provides ICT training; and the Cultural Events Program which highlights the experiences of women leaders. Read more >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
March 15, 2013 | Arab Caucus, csw 57, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, violence against women, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
**WLP joins partner organizations and others in the MENA region, and those from outside the region standing in solidarity for women’s full human rights, including the right to be free from violence, in the MENA region. The statement below was originally posted on here on the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies website.** 
March 8, 2013 | Because Our Cause is Just, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Palestine, Turkey
Because Our Cause is Just is an eye-opening documentary about the struggle of women in countries experiencing the so-called “Arab Spring.” Begun as a civil movement of women and men seeking human rights and justice after decades of dictatorship, the revolutionary wave has not yielded justice for all. Instead, the political openings caused by these revolts have been exploited by Islamist groups who seek to not only exclude women from the political process but to remove them from public life through intimidation, oppressive legislation, and even physical violence. Through powerful interviews and on-the-ground footage, the film reveals how women in the Middle East-North Africa region are continuing to fight for the right to be part of their countries evolving political systems. The film is available in English, Arabic, and French.
December 10, 2012 | Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, Political Participation, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria
 Each year activists, youth, local and international organizations, and governmental officials committed to eliminating violence against women participate in the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence. This annual campaign commences on November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, and lasts through December 10, International Human Rights Day.As part of WLP’s 2012 campaign activities, we held the online premieres of our Arabic, French, and Spanish subtitled-editions of the documentary, From Fear to Freedom: Ending Violence Against Women. In WLP’s film, released in 2012, leading experts and activists from across the globe discuss the root causes of gender-based violence (GBV), share strategies to combat it, and provide inspiring accounts of the important milestones already achieved through the international women’s movement.
December 5, 2012 | Arabic, gender-based violence, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
   امرأة واحدة على الأقل من أصل ثلاث نساء في العالم تقع ضحية العنف، و يعد ذلك أحد أسوأ أشكال الانتهاك لحقوق الإنسان على وجه الأرض -– وهو حاضر في كل بلد وثقافة وديانة وطبقة اجتماعية.
November 26, 2012 | csw, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, بيان لجنة وضع المرأة, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Victories over Violence, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
 إن الموضوع الرئيسي للجنة وضع المرأة للدورة السابعة والخمسين هو العنف ضد المرأة. نحن، في "شراكة تعلم المرأة"، نؤمن بأهمية هذا الموضوع في هذا الوقت خاصة في ظل الثورات التي جرت مؤخراً والتحولات الجارية في مناطق من العالم لا تزال النساء فيها غير حاصلات على حقوقهن.*  
November 14, 2012 | Americas, Brazil, Leading to Action, 2012 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
February 22, 2012 | Jordan
Sisterhood is Global Institute/Jordan (SIGI) is an independent, non-governmental organization, established in 1998 by a group of Jordanian women, who believed that the cause of women is the cause of the community, that women are partners in facing their common challenges and in formulating future directions, that women’s rights are essential to achieving equality, freedom, and  human dignity for all people without any discrimination and that women’s achievement of their rights is necessary for development, peace, progress, prosperity, and well-being and security of the family, society and humanity.
November 4, 2011 | arab spring, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, Bahrain, ICT for Social Change, Leading to Action, Egypt, Political Participation, 2011 Events, Iran, Jordan, Morocco
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 

Profile

Rima Khalaf Hunaidi

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Rima Khalaf Hunaidi is Assistant Secretary-General and Director of the UNDP Regional Bureau for Arab States (RBAS). As RBAS Director, Dr. Hunaidi oversees the publication of the UNDP Arab Human Development Report. Dr. Hunaidi has served as a Senator in the Upper House of Parliament, Jordan and a member of the Economic and Social Consultative Council. She has held other high-ranking positions in Jordan including Deputy Prime Minster, Minister of Planning, and Minister of Industry and Trade. Dr.
S:SSO to Sakai