Iran

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485
HDI Ranking3 #88
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #137/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentTheocratic republic
Total population78.9 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $13,200
HDI ranking3#88
Population under age 1524%
Urban population71%
Internet users53%
LanguagesPersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, other 2%

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 90% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 68% Women in Parliament ranking #137
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 52.4% (39.9%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2400 Quota type --
Births per woman 1.7 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 31 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Women's Movement of Iran

Our work in support of Iranian human rights activists has focused specifically on bolstering the women’s movement and the One Million Signatures campaign in Iran. WLP has been working with this network, providing curriculum and training in Persian; raising awareness of the human rights violations facing women activists and human rights defenders; and promoting Iranian women’s equality and legal reform in international media and through WLP’s Translation Series. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
February 22, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: According to reports by RAHANA, Farnaz Kamali, student at Azad Univeristy, was arrested in Tehran on Sunday February 20. She was among hundreds of those arrested and detained during the protests in Tehran on February 20, 2010. Security forces arrested scores of citizens on the streets and transferred them to prisons.
February 22, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: Leading up to and following the planned public protests of February in several Iranian cities, the pressure on social and political activists increased once again. Women too were among those who were arrested in this latest round of crackdowns on Iranian civil society.
February 2, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: Mahboubeh Karami, One Million Signatures human rights activist, has been sentenced to three years in prison by Branch 54 of the appellate court of the Revolutionary Courts. The sentence issued by Judge Movahed was served to Mohammad Sharif the lawyer representing Mahboubeh Karami. Prior to the appeals hearing, Karami was sentenced to four years in prison, by Judge Pirabbasi.
January 16, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Reza Khandan, Nasrin Sotoodeh's husband, has been detained at Evin prison, after appearing at the prosecutor’s office in response to a summons he received last week. Khandan was summoned to court following the sentencing of his wife, imprisoned lawyer and activist Nasrin Sotoodeh, to 11 years in prison and a 20 year ban from practicing law and travel outside the country.
January 12, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Change for Equality: Shirin Ebadi, Nobel Peace Laureate, asked Navanethem Pillay, United Nations’ High Commissioner for Human Rights to take actions in order to support Nasrin Sotoudeh, Iranian detained lawyer and human rights activist.
January 9, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
The 36th branch of the Tehran Court of Appeals acquitted Nazar-Ahari from the charge of assembly and conspiracy against the regime and reduced the prison term to 4 years and changed her exile location from the city of Izeh to a prison in Karaj.
January 9, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Branch 26 of the Revolutionary Court with Judge PirAbassi has sentenced Nasrin Sotoudeh to 11 years in prison and banned her from practicing law and leaving the country for 20 years.
January 1, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
According to reports, the investigative judge in Branch 4 of the revolutionary courts located inside Evin prison, has charged the two with “spreading of propaganda against the state” and “actions against national security through collusion against the state.” The investigative judge has declared that the two imprisoned student activists have collectively along with international media outlets colluded to act against the security of the state.
January 1, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Navid Mohebi, a young blogger and Campaign activist based in the Northern city of Amol, was released on 25 December, 2010. Mohebi was faced with a variety of charges in court including: actions against national security, spreading of propaganda against the state, and membership in the One Million Signatures Campaign. The court sentenced Navid to a three year prison term, suspended for the period of 5 years.
January 1, 2011 | Human Rights Alerts, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
A court hearing was schedule to review the latest charges brought against Nasrin Sotoodeh: that of not observing the Hejab in a video message taped on the occasion of receiving an Italian Award for Human Rights. The court hearing was disrupted after Nasrin Sotoodeh and her lawyers objected to the procedures of the hearing. In response Nasrin Sotoodeh was issued a five day mandatory prison sentence.

Profile

Shirin Ebadi

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Shirin Ebadi, who in 2003 became the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, is an Iranian lawyer and human rights activist. She is the founder and head of the Association for Support of Children’s Rights in Iran. For more than three decades she has steadfastly worked to improve Iranian women's legal rights and to protect the rights of the child. In Iran, Ms. Ebadi has been an advocate for an interpretation of Islamic law that upholds human rights, gender equality, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
S:SSO to Sakai