Iran

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485
HDI Ranking3 #88
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #137/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentTheocratic republic
Total population78.9 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $13,200
HDI ranking3#88
Population under age 1524%
Urban population71%
Internet users53%
LanguagesPersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, other 2%

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 90% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 68% Women in Parliament ranking #137
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 52.4% (39.9%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2400 Quota type --
Births per woman 1.7 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 31 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Women's Movement of Iran

Our work in support of Iranian human rights activists has focused specifically on bolstering the women’s movement and the One Million Signatures campaign in Iran. WLP has been working with this network, providing curriculum and training in Persian; raising awareness of the human rights violations facing women activists and human rights defenders; and promoting Iranian women’s equality and legal reform in international media and through WLP’s Translation Series. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
April 19, 2011 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: Following three court sessions, the 26th branch of the Revolutionary Court found Nasrin Sotoudeh guilty on the charge of "Displaying Lack of Hijab." Sotoudeh has been sentenced to pay a fine of 500,000 Rials (about $50); a decision that can be appealed.
April 5, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: According to reports from the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, Kaveh Kermanshahi, journalist, human rights and women’s rights activist has been sentenced to serve 4 years mandatory prison by an appeals court ruling, presided by Judge Mohammad Ali Roshani. The appeals court reduced the original sentence issued in this case by 1 year.
April 4, 2011 | Asia, Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Radio Zamaneh: Shiva Nazar-Ahari, a persecuted Iranian human rights activist, has been awarded the Theodor Haecker prize for her courageous internet reporting on human rights violations. The award was established by the German city of Esslingen, once the home of Haecker, a philosopher, writer and anti-Nazi cultural critic. The award aims to recognize individuals or groups who strive to achieve peace and democracy.
April 4, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Radio Zamaneh: The City of Florence has awarded its 2010 human rights award to jailed Iranian human rights lawyer, Nasrin Sotoudeh and Peruvian human rights activist, Fr. Mario Bartolini. The We-change website reports that the city council of Florence cited Sotoudeh’s active resistance to legal discrimination against women, her defence of juvenile offenders sentenced to death and her struggle for gender equality in Iran.
March 26, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: A group of students, women’s rights, and human rights activists have launched a Campaign to bring attention to the situation of imprisoned activist, Bahareh Hedayat, on the occasion of her 30th Birthday and wedding anniversary. The statement launching the Campaign appears below: Campaign to Free Bahareh Hedayat
March 9, 2011 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: Farnaz Kamali, Campaign activist, was released at 11pm on March 8, 2011 from Evin prison on bail in the amount of 300 Million Tomans (roughly $300,000). The charges against Farnaz Kamali are membership in the One Million Signatures Campaign, actions against national security, membership in the Campaign to Free Atefeh Nabavi, and participation in protests.
March 8, 2011 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Change for Equality: Iranian women’s rights activists commemorate the 100th anniversary of International Women’s Day while facing increased pressures and while many of their colleagues remain in prison. While the activists in the One Million Signatures Campaign have remained active carrying out trainings and awareness raising activities on women’s rights, the pressure on them as well as other women’s rights activists is increasing.
March 3, 2011 | unrest, Iran
A quick look at gender equality in Iran in the context of uprisings and unrest in the country and the region
February 22, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: Shahrbanou Amani, a former MP of the 5th and 6th Parliament and a reformist, was arrested on February 13. According the Green Path Movement Site. During the last Presidential election, Amani had harshly criticized the censorship imposed on media. Also according to this same site, Amani had allegedly signed letters requesting permits for demonstrations following the disputed presidential elections.
February 22, 2011 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Change for Equality: According to reports by RAHANA, Farnaz Kamali, student at Azad Univeristy, was arrested in Tehran on Sunday February 20. She was among hundreds of those arrested and detained during the protests in Tehran on February 20, 2010. Security forces arrested scores of citizens on the streets and transferred them to prisons.

Profile

Shirin Ebadi

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Shirin Ebadi, who in 2003 became the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, is an Iranian lawyer and human rights activist. She is the founder and head of the Association for Support of Children’s Rights in Iran. For more than three decades she has steadfastly worked to improve Iranian women's legal rights and to protect the rights of the child. In Iran, Ms. Ebadi has been an advocate for an interpretation of Islamic law that upholds human rights, gender equality, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.
S:SSO to Sakai