Iran

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485
HDI Ranking3 #88
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #137/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentTheocratic republic
Total population78.9 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $13,200
HDI ranking3#88
Population under age 1524%
Urban population71%
Internet users53%
LanguagesPersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, other 2%

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 90% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 68% Women in Parliament ranking #137
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 52.4% (39.9%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2400 Quota type --
Births per woman 1.7 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 31 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Women's Movement of Iran

Our work in support of Iranian human rights activists has focused specifically on bolstering the women’s movement and the One Million Signatures campaign in Iran. WLP has been working with this network, providing curriculum and training in Persian; raising awareness of the human rights violations facing women activists and human rights defenders; and promoting Iranian women’s equality and legal reform in international media and through WLP’s Translation Series. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
March 7, 2012 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran today welcomed the comprehensive report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Ahmed Shaheed, as a significant document that gives voice to the victims of widespread violations. The Campaign called on the Iranian government to end its absolute lack of cooperation with UN mechanisms and its systematic violations of its international obligations and to work with the Special Rapporteur to address the human rights crisis in that country.
January 20, 2012 | Human Rights, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, women's rights, Iran
Change for Equality: Parastoo Dokouhaki a women’s rights activist, journalist and researcher covering social issues and Marzieh Rasouli a journalist reporting on music and book publications were arrested on January 15 and 17 respectively.
January 8, 2012 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
Persian2English: Alieh Eghdamdoost , a women’s rights activist arrested for her peaceful activism, was released from prison on Sunday morning. Eghdamdoost, who is in her sixties, was forced to endure three consecutive years in Evin prison without one day of furlough.
November 4, 2011 | arab spring, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, Bahrain, ICT for Social Change, Leading to Action, Egypt, Political Participation, 2011 Events, Iran, Jordan, Morocco
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 
October 23, 2011 | Iran, One Million Signatures Inside Story
International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran:Prominent Iranian human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh has been banned from having visitations with her family for three weeks.
October 7, 2011 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Leadership, Iran, Measuring Change, One Million Signatures Inside Story
Two new resources are available for download from Women’s Learning Partnership: Arabic edition of Iranian Women’s One Million Signatures Campaign for Equality: The Inside Story  A comprehensive account of Iranian women activists' successful awareness-raising efforts on a grassroots level.   — Shirin Ebadi Nobel Peace Laureate, 2003 Originally published in Iran, and released through the WLP Translation Series in English following Iran’s 2009 presidential election, the book is now available in Arabic.
October 4, 2011 | Iran, One Million Signatures Inside Story
International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran: An informed source close to 38-year-old women’s rights activist Fereshteh Shirazi told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran that since her arrest on 3 September 2011 in the city of Amol, she has had very little contact with her family.
September 22, 2011 | Iran, One Million Signatures Inside Story
United Nations General Assembly Report Summary: 75.The Special Rapporteur wishes to emphasize his desire for constructive dialogue with the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the international community and civil society. The Special Rapporteur looks forward to the challenging responsibility of this mandate and to positive outcomes in the field of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran.
September 9, 2011 | Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Iran
Faranak Farid, Women’s Rights Activist Arrested in TabrizChange for Equality: Faranak Farid, poet, translator and women’s rights and Campaign activist, was arrested on Saturday, September 3, 2011 in the city of Tabriz. According to eyewitness accounts, she was arrested in the Amin intersection in the city of Tabriz.

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Christiane Amanpour

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Christiane Amanpour is CNN’s chief international correspondent based in London. Her work has led her to the war-torn regions of the Rwanda, the former Yugoslavia, and the Persian Gulf. She is also a contributor to CBS News’ 60 Minutes, the first reporter ever to broker this kind of dual assignment.

S:SSO to Sakai