Iran

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485
HDI Ranking3 #88
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Women in Parliament ranking #137/133
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963

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Overview
GovernmentTheocratic republic
Total population78.9 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $13,200
HDI ranking3#88
Population under age 1524%
Urban population71%
Internet users53%
LanguagesPersian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, other 2%

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #127 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 90% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 3%/--
Gender Inequality Index2 0.485 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 68% Women in Parliament ranking #137
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 52.4% (39.9%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 3% (#92)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1963/1963
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 2400 Quota type --
Births per woman 1.7 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 31 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Women's Movement of Iran

Our work in support of Iranian human rights activists has focused specifically on bolstering the women’s movement and the One Million Signatures campaign in Iran. WLP has been working with this network, providing curriculum and training in Persian; raising awareness of the human rights violations facing women activists and human rights defenders; and promoting Iranian women’s equality and legal reform in international media and through WLP’s Translation Series. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
November 14, 2012 | Americas, Brazil, Leading to Action, 2012 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
June 21, 2012 | human rights, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Nasrin Sotoudeh, One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
As published on Persian2English.com, human and women's rights activist Nasrin Sotoudeh has been repeatedly denied in-person visitation with members of her family. If denied again, Sotoudeh promised to launch a hunger strike.
June 11, 2012 | Human Rights, human rights, Iran, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Middle East, Nasrin Sotoudeh, One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
On June 11, 2012, Iranian activists circulated a clip of One Million Signatures campaign member and human rights lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh visiting with her children during a prison visit to raise awareness of her plight. Sotoudeh is currently serving a six-year prison term and is banned from practicing law for ten years for acting against national security, charges she denies. In this clip, a cheerful Sotoudeh talks with her five-year-old son, while her daughter cries in the background.
May 7, 2012 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran, One Million Signatures Inside Story
Our work in support of Iranian human rights activists has focused specifically on bolstering the women’s movement and the One Million Signatures campaign in Iran. One Million Signatures Campaign This campaign, founded in 2006, mobilizes a diverse group of activists both on the ground and online to collect signatures, raise awareness, and spark dialogue about the negative impact of discriminatory family laws on women’s lives and on society as a whole, resulting in a dynamic social justice movement.
April 24, 2012 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran: Prominent human rights defender Nasrin Sotoudeh was deprived of furlough and telephone contact with her family during the Persian New Year, her husband Reza Khandan told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran in an interview. None of the female prisoners were allowed even hourly leave during this holiday.
March 20, 2012 | Human Rights, Iran's One Million Signatures Campaign, Iran
International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran: Narges Mohammadi, the deputy director of the Defenders of Human Rights Center (DHRC) who was sentenced to six years in prison on 5 March by an appeals court, told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran that she did not request a pardon, as all DHRC activities were based on the laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Profile

Mehrangiz Kar

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Mehrangiz Kar is a leading Iranian attorney, writer, and activist working towards the promotion of democracy, rule of law, and human rights within the framework of Islamic law in the Islamic Republic of Iran since the 1979 Revolution. She received her degree in Judicial Law from the University of Tehran in 1967, and is among the first women attorneys who opposed the Islamization of gender relations following the Islamic Revolution.

S:SSO to Sakai