At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617
HDI Ranking3 #134
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Women in Parliament ranking #108
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950

Read more

GovernmentFederal republic
Total population1205.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $3,700
HDI ranking3#134
Population under age 1529%
Urban population30%
Internet users11%
LanguagesHindi 41%, Bengali 8%, Telugu 7%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 6%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, others. 16 official languages

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 68% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 53% Women in Parliament ranking #108
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 88.5% (80.7%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 170 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 2.6 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 45 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

Show less

Our Partner

The Asmita Resource Centre for Women is an Indian non-governmental organization based in Andhra Pradesh. It works to better the socio-economic status of women and communities in India as it strives to "build a cadre of young women who are capable, efficient and feminist in perspective and who can oppose violence and corruption with visions of an alternative." Through outreach programs, research, publications and media campaigns, the centre creates a safe space in which women, men and youth can engage in critical dialogue on and analysis of feminist issues and other critical issues that the collective identifies. Asmita works to advocate for and support the women of Hyderabad and the greater Indian community. Read More >

In The News

There are currently no updates to display.

Reports & Updates
March 28, 2018 | 2018 Events, csw, Human Rights, lifelines, India, Iran
For nearly two decades, WLP's Lifelines has brought together writers and poets to read original works about human rights. Four talented poets recited poems relating to themes of exile, rebirth, and love at this year's Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in New York. 
February 7, 2017 | Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, Egypt, Family Law, Family Law Reform, Family Law Reform, gbv, Human Rights, India, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Middle East, Morocco, nigeria, palestine, Senegal, SIGI, Turkey, VAW, workshop, Brazil, Egypt, India, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey
WLP partner organizations and affiliated civil-society groups from 11 countries are holding workshops on family law reform throughout early 2017. The content of these trainings will be based on research from case studies commissioned for WLP’s new global initiative, Family Law Reform to Challenge Gender-based Violence. 
February 29, 2016 | 2016, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Croatia, csw, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Kenya, Middle East, new york, Rwanda, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil, India, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey
On Thursday March 17 at the New School; leaders, government officials, and activists came together for the 60th Session of the United Nation's Commission on the Status of Women in New York, Women’s Learning Partnership and the Gender Studies Program at The New School convened a discussion on the relationship between family law reform and combating gender-based violence. This event marked the launch of a new WLP initiative on family law reform supported by the International Development Resource Center.
December 17, 2014 | Africa, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, 2014 eNews, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Egypt, Political Participation, India, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Morocco
Leadership training in India, an activist convention in Egypt, and human rights movement building in Marrakesh... These are just a few of the exciting activities happening around the Partnership this fall.
December 16, 2014 | Africa, Americas, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, 2014 eNews, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Victories over Violence
Activists, researchers, and supporters from 40 countries took part in WLP’s 2nd global online event, “Exposing the Realities of Combatting Sexual Harassment: Activists from around the World Unite to Share their Stories,” on November 19, 2014.
October 31, 2014 | Stop Violence Against Women, ICT for Social Change, 2014 Events, Egypt, India, Malaysia
 Join Women’s Learning Partnership in a live global online discussion, "Exposing the Realities of Combatting Sexual Harassment." WLP presents four activists from India, Egypt, Malaysia, and the United States to expose the impact of sexual harassment on women in their countries and to share the challenges and breakthroughs they have experienced in building safer societies for women through art, public protests, journalism and advocacy campaigns.
April 10, 2014 | Asia, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, India
   On December 17, 2013, WLP’s affiliate in India, Asmita Resource Centre for Women, held a screening of WLP’s documentary, Because our Cause is Just in Hyderabad. Following the screening, audience members had a lively conversation about the parallels between challenges to women’s rights and democracy in the MENA region and in India.
February 1, 2010 | ICT for Social Change, India, 2010 Events
Information, communication, and media technologies are providing unimaginable power to connect people around the world by reducing barriers of distance, time, and cost. How can NGOs harness the power of mass media and the web to mobilize supporters of women's rights and build effective movements of the future?


Madhu Kishwar

Languages Spoken: 
Area(s) of Expertise: 
Country/Region of Expertise: 

Madhu Kishwar is the founder and editor of Manushi: A Journal About Women and Society, a bi-monthly print and on-line journal that analyses political, economic and social issues from a people-oriented perspective. Founded in 1978, Manushi illustrates the diversity of communities within India through articles on women’s lives and work, civil liberties, and human rights issues; as well as interviews, historical pieces, film and book reviews, fiction, poetry, and reader responses.

S:SSO to Sakai