India

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617
HDI Ranking3 #134
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Women in Parliament ranking #108
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population1205.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $3,700
HDI ranking3#134
Population under age 1529%
Urban population30%
Internet users11%
LanguagesHindi 41%, Bengali 8%, Telugu 7%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 6%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, others. 16 official languages

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 68% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 53% Women in Parliament ranking #108
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 88.5% (80.7%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 170 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 2.6 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 45 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

The Asmita Resource Centre for Women is an Indian non-governmental organization based in Andhra Pradesh. It works to better the socio-economic status of women and communities in India as it strives to "build a cadre of young women who are capable, efficient and feminist in perspective and who can oppose violence and corruption with visions of an alternative." Through outreach programs, research, publications and media campaigns, the centre creates a safe space in which women, men and youth can engage in critical dialogue on and analysis of feminist issues and other critical issues that the collective identifies. Asmita works to advocate for and support the women of Hyderabad and the greater Indian community. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
June 19, 2006 | Human Rights Alerts, Stop Violence Against Women, India
Indian NGOs, activists, and women's organizations have been campaigning for a civil law on domestic violence since December 1999. Pursuant to extensive consultations with women's groups from across India, in-depth academic research, grassroots action, and experience working with victims of domestic violence, in 2001 the New Delhi-based Lawyers Collective, Women's Rights Initiative (LCWRI) drafted a bill for the prevention of domestic violence against women with unanimous support from numerous Indian women's organizations.
March 15, 2006 | Asia, India
Anna Pinto is a representative for an Indigenous people's organization based in the Indian state of Manipur called the Centre for Organization, Research and Education. She came to the UN conference to advocate for her people, and other peoples in her region, concerning the processes that are being developed to address climate change. Climate change and its extreme weather manifestations are not an abstract notion for Pinto. For the past two years her region has experienced multiple floods on a massive scale. "When I say floods, I'm talking about floods that displace 15 million, 6 million, 4 million people at a time. The lowest figure that a flood has displaced is 4 million and that 4 million has been displaced 4 times in a year."
March 5, 2006 | eNews 7, Leadership, Leading to Choices, India, Malaysia
"Although for me a leader meant only a political leader, I have learned that we can also be leaders in our lives," expressed one participant. Another said, "I was inspired to come forward to help the women of our village, as well as other people, so that we can work together as one."
March 2, 2006 | eNews 11, Leadership, India, Malaysia
On March 8, women across the world celebrated International Women’s Day through a variety of celebratory festivals, peaceful ceremonies, and political rallies to honor the long struggle for equality and freedom. WLP partners in India and Malaysia held special events to raise awareness of the rights of women and indigenous peoples in their communities.

Profile

Aruna Rao

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Aruna Rao is a gender and institutional change expert with over 20 years' experience of addressing gender issues in a variety of development organizations, primarily in Asia. Dr. Rao is Director of Gender at Work, a knowledge and capacity building network focused on gender and institutional change. She also serves as Chair of the Board of Directors of CIVICUS, a worldwide membership organization of civil society organizations, and as a Commissioner of the Commission on Globalization convened by State of the World Forum.

S:SSO to Sakai