India

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617
HDI Ranking3 #134
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Women in Parliament ranking #108
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population1205.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $3,700
HDI ranking3#134
Population under age 1529%
Urban population30%
Internet users11%
LanguagesHindi 41%, Bengali 8%, Telugu 7%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 6%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, others. 16 official languages

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 68% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 53% Women in Parliament ranking #108
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 88.5% (80.7%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 170 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 2.6 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 45 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

The Asmita Resource Centre for Women is an Indian non-governmental organization based in Andhra Pradesh. It works to better the socio-economic status of women and communities in India as it strives to "build a cadre of young women who are capable, efficient and feminist in perspective and who can oppose violence and corruption with visions of an alternative." Through outreach programs, research, publications and media campaigns, the centre creates a safe space in which women, men and youth can engage in critical dialogue on and analysis of feminist issues and other critical issues that the collective identifies. Asmita works to advocate for and support the women of Hyderabad and the greater Indian community. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
December 17, 2014 | Africa, Asia, Human Rights, Leading to Action, Middle East, 2014 eNews, Leading To Choices, Leadership, Egypt, India, Political Participation, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Morocco
Leadership training in India, an activist convention in Egypt, and human rights movement building in Marrakesh... These are just a few of the exciting activities happening around the Partnership this fall.
December 16, 2014 | Africa, Americas, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, 2014 eNews, Egypt, India, Victories over Violence, Malaysia
Activists, researchers, and supporters from 40 countries took part in WLP’s 2nd global online event, “Exposing the Realities of Combatting Sexual Harassment: Activists from around the World Unite to Share their Stories,” on November 19, 2014.
October 31, 2014 | 2014 Events, Stop Violence Against Women, ICT for Social Change, Egypt, India, Malaysia
 Join Women’s Learning Partnership in a live global online discussion, "Exposing the Realities of Combatting Sexual Harassment." WLP presents four activists from India, Egypt, Malaysia, and the United States to expose the impact of sexual harassment on women in their countries and to share the challenges and breakthroughs they have experienced in building safer societies for women through art, public protests, journalism and advocacy campaigns.
April 10, 2014 | Asia, Human Rights, Stop Violence Against Women, India
   On December 17, 2013, WLP’s affiliate in India, Asmita Resource Centre for Women, held a screening of WLP’s documentary, Because our Cause is Just in Hyderabad. Following the screening, audience members had a lively conversation about the parallels between challenges to women’s rights and democracy in the MENA region and in India.
February 1, 2010 | ICT for Social Change, 2010 Events, India
Information, communication, and media technologies are providing unimaginable power to connect people around the world by reducing barriers of distance, time, and cost. How can NGOs harness the power of mass media and the web to mobilize supporters of women's rights and build effective movements of the future?
June 19, 2006 | India
WLP thanks the following individuals for joining in the global effort to urge the Government of India to implement comprehensive legislation adequately addressing all aspects of domestic violence against Indian women.
June 19, 2006 | Human Rights Alerts, Stop Violence Against Women, India
Indian NGOs, activists, and women's organizations have been campaigning for a civil law on domestic violence since December 1999. Pursuant to extensive consultations with women's groups from across India, in-depth academic research, grassroots action, and experience working with victims of domestic violence, in 2001 the New Delhi-based Lawyers Collective, Women's Rights Initiative (LCWRI) drafted a bill for the prevention of domestic violence against women with unanimous support from numerous Indian women's organizations.
March 15, 2006 | Asia, India
Anna Pinto is a representative for an Indigenous people's organization based in the Indian state of Manipur called the Centre for Organization, Research and Education. She came to the UN conference to advocate for her people, and other peoples in her region, concerning the processes that are being developed to address climate change. Climate change and its extreme weather manifestations are not an abstract notion for Pinto. For the past two years her region has experienced multiple floods on a massive scale. "When I say floods, I'm talking about floods that displace 15 million, 6 million, 4 million people at a time. The lowest figure that a flood has displaced is 4 million and that 4 million has been displaced 4 times in a year."

Profile

Aruna Rao

Director / Gender at Work
Nationality:  India
Profession:  Activist, Administrator, Scholar/Writer, Social Scientist
Languages Spoken:  English
Area(s) of Expertise:  Gender and Development, Organizational Development
Country/Region of Expertise:  India, South Asia

Aruna Rao is a gender and institutional change expert with over 20 years' experience of addressing gender issues in a variety of development organizations, primarily in Asia. Dr. Rao is Director of Gender at Work, a knowledge and capacity building network focused on gender and institutional change. She also serves as Chair of the Board of Directors of CIVICUS, a worldwide membership organization of civil society organizations, and as a Commissioner of the Commission on Globalization convened by State of the World Forum.

S:SSO to Sakai