Mozambique

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings 
Gender Gap Ranking1#27
Gender Inequality Index20.591
HDI Ranking3#180
Political Participation 
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses40 (40%)
Women in Parliament ranking#15
Women at ministerial level (ranking)29% (#31)
Year women received right to vote/be elected1975

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At A Glance

Indices and Rankings 
Gender Gap Ranking1#27
Gender Inequality Index20.591
HDI Ranking3#180
Political Participation 
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses40 (40%)
Women in Parliament ranking#15
Women at ministerial level (ranking)29% (#31)
Year women received right to vote/be elected1975

Overview 
GovernmentPresidential Republic
Total population26 million
GDP per capita (PPP)$1,200
HDI ranking3#180
Population under age 1545%
Urban population32%
Internet users9%
LanguagesEmakhuwa 25.3%, Portuguese (official) 10.7%, Xichangana 10.3%, Cisena 7.5%, Elomwe 7%, Echuwabo 5.1%, other Mozambican languages 30.1%

Indices Political Participation 

 

Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1#27Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses40 (40%)
Gender Inequality Index20.591Women in Parliament ranking#15
  Women at ministerial level (ranking)29% (#31)
  Year women received right to vote/be elected1975

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Our Partners

WLP’s partner in Mozambique is Fórum Mulher, a Women's Network Forum that works for the rights of Mozambican women. Forum Mulher focuses on gender and development issues, advocacy and lobbying, as well as education and training. Forum Mulher, based in Maputo, is the most important civil society organization in Mozambique working on women and gender issues. Through intensive advocacy and lobbying Forum Mulher achieved major influence on the country's new family law, securing the legal position and recognition of women.

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