Egypt

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #126
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #113
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2%/ 3%
Women in Parliament ranking #140
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 9% (#69)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1956/1956

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population83.7 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $6,500
HDI ranking3#113
Population under age 1533%
Urban population43%
Internet users36%
LanguagesArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #126 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 77% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2%/ 3%
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 73% Women in Parliament ranking #140
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 48.7%(21.6%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 9% (#69)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1956/1956
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 490 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 2.7 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 50 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Forum for Women in Development (FWID) is a network of Egyptian NGOs dealing with women's issues, launched in 1997 by 15 civil society organizations. FWID is made up of groups of activists, both male and female, from different social and professional backgrounds. They work together for women's emancipation and the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women in order to contribute to building a democratic, just, and egalitarian society. FWID advocates for the reform of policies and legislation that discriminate against woman.

In The News

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Reports & Updates
November 21, 2017 | 16 Days, 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-based Violence, Africa, Americas, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
From November 25 to December 10, 2017, WLP partners from all over the globe will organize and participate in workshops, film screenings, and events as part of the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence. Since its inception in 1991, more than 5,000 organizations from over 180 countries have participated. This year's theme, Together We Can End GBV in Education, places a strong emphasis on the human rights framework in order to advocate for institutional and policy change that prevents and addresses GBV in education.  
November 2, 2017 | 2017 Events, TPC, Transnational Partner Convening, Brazil, Leadership, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women's Learning Partnership (WLP) gathered representatives from its grassroots women's rights organizations around the world for the Transnational Partnership Convening (TPC) in Potomac, Maryland. This annual meeting brings together leaders and activists that comprise the Partnership to share ideas, plan for future initiatives, and review the successes and challenges of the past year. The event facilitates knowledge sharing and builds solidarity among advocates of the global women’s movement.
February 7, 2017 | Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, Egypt, Family Law, Family Law Reform, Family Law Reform, gbv, Human Rights, India, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Middle East, Morocco, nigeria, palestine, Senegal, SIGI, Turkey, VAW, workshop, Brazil, Egypt, India, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey
WLP partner organizations and affiliated civil-society groups from 11 countries are holding workshops on family law reform throughout early 2017. The content of these trainings will be based on research from case studies commissioned for WLP’s new global initiative, Family Law Reform to Challenge Gender-based Violence. 
January 17, 2017 | 2017 Events, Human Rights, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership’s Written Statement for the Women’s March on Washington Taking Place on January 21, 2017In every aspect of her life, a woman's autonomy, freedom, and opportunities are shaped by the degree to which her nation's laws uphold gender equality, and which cultural practices limit her ability to participate in decision making at the family, national and country levels.
October 20, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, From Fear to Freedom, Global TOT, GTOT, Human Rights, Middle East, Refugee Empowerment, Stop Violence Against Women, TOT, Training of Trainers, Brazil, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership convened a Global Training of Trainers on October 5, 2016, following its 16th annual Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop focused on the development of curriculum for WLP’s new initiatives on women refugees and family law reform.  
October 19, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, TPC, Transnational Partners Convening, Brazil, Leadership, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Indonesia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership hosted its 16th Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland from October 1 through 4, 2016. The meeting brought together representatives from partner organizations in Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Turkey, and Zimbabwe.
October 8, 2015 | Algeria, Human Rights, Iraq, Libya, Middle East, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Bahrain, ICT for Social Change, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Egypt, Young & Emerging Leaders, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
“We shared one passionate spirit to formulate our visions for a better tomorrow and a better world.” - Ahmed from Egypt on his experience at the Active Citizenship and Movement Building Institute for Millennials in Beirut, Lebanon.
May 28, 2015 | Human Rights, Middle East, Egypt
On December 6, 2014, WLP Egypt/Forum for Women in Development - FWID ملتقى تنمية المرأة co-hosted the summit "Visions of Justice in the Workplace." Representatives of civil society organizations, scholars, major media outlets, and ministries of labor, education and health from Jordan, WLP Bahrain/Bahrain Women Association, South Sudan, Egypt, and Yemen gathered in Cairo, Egypt, to exchange ideas and share with each other concerns regarding the lack of social justice in existing gender policies acro
December 23, 2014 | Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Political Participation
WLP Egypt/Forum for Women in Development (FWID) has begun the third phase of an ongoing initiative to build capacity and facilitate cooperation between disparate civil society organizations (CSOs) non-governmental organizations (NGOs) throughout Egypt. The initiative, entitled “The Role of Civil Society in Attaining Social Justice,” encompasses diverse groups focusing on women’s rights, poverty reduction, and fighting corruption, among others. The initiative is seen as particularly important at a time when CSOs and NGOs of all types are facing increasing restrictions from the Egyptian government.
December 17, 2014 | Africa, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, 2014 eNews, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Egypt, Political Participation, India, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Morocco
Leadership training in India, an activist convention in Egypt, and human rights movement building in Marrakesh... These are just a few of the exciting activities happening around the Partnership this fall.

Profile

Afaf Mahfouz

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Afaf Mahfouz is former President of the Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations (CONGO). At the United Nations headquarters in New York, Dr. Mahfouz coordinated the work of 17 NGO committees providing fora for discussion on matters such as the status of women, human rights, sustainable development, and disarmament.

S:SSO to Sakai