Egypt

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #126
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #113
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2%/ 3%
Women in Parliament ranking #140
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 9% (#69)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1956/1956

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population83.7 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $6,500
HDI ranking3#113
Population under age 1533%
Urban population43%
Internet users36%
LanguagesArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #126 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 77% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2%/ 3%
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 73% Women in Parliament ranking #140
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 48.7%(21.6%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 9% (#69)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1956/1956
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 490 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 2.7 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 50 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Forum for Women in Development (FWID) is a network of Egyptian NGOs dealing with women's issues, launched in 1997 by 15 civil society organizations. FWID is made up of groups of activists, both male and female, from different social and professional backgrounds. They work together for women's emancipation and the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women in order to contribute to building a democratic, just, and egalitarian society. FWID advocates for the reform of policies and legislation that discriminate against woman.

In The News

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Reports & Updates
August 28, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Egypt
Though Egyptian nationality laws were amended in 2004, they have yet to be finalized, ratified, and implemented. Throughout 2005 and 2006 the Forum for Women in Development (FWID), along with other women’s groups have continued the campaign, watching closely how the law is being implemented. Their activities included organizing awareness-raising and monitoring workshops.
August 28, 2006 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Egypt
In Egypt, women’s organizations were successful in their campaign to amend nationality laws. Prior to 2004, women who married foreign men were unable to confer citizenship on their children. Without the right to citizenship, the children of women who married foreigners were essentially foreigners in their own country. They were denied low cost access to education and health care. In addition, they could not hold government jobs.
November 21, 2005 | Bahrain, eNews 14, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2005 Events, Lebanon, Morocco
WLP convened the Institute to create an opportunity for women activists in the region to develop skills in participatory leadership, facilitation, communications, and advocacy, building their capacity as leaders. In a role play on communicating with the media, participants took on the role of guests in a TV talk show, defending contrasting points of view. "One should not treat interacting with the media as an exam, but simply as a means of getting across a message and building public support for your goals," said Moroccan partner Amina Lemrini.
December 15, 2003 | Bahrain, Leadership, eNews 6, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Jordan, Lebanon, 2003 Events, Morocco, Palestine
WLP convened the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) Regional Roaming Institute for Women's Leadership from December 9-15, 2003 in Petra, Jordan. Thirty women leaders from eleven Arab countries including Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan, and Yemen took part in the week-long Institute for training of trainers.

Profile

Hoda Badran

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Hoda Badran is the Chairperson of the Alliance for Arab Women (AAW), a voluntary organization headquartered in Cairo. AAW works with a network of over 350 NGOs on issues of Arab women’s human rights, legal literacy for women leaders, implementation of the Beijing Platform of Action, women’s political participation, and supporting education for impoverished children. AAW provides training workshops, conducts research, and prepares reports on women's rights.

Ms.

S:SSO to Sakai