Egypt

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #126
Gender Inequality Index2 --
HDI Ranking3 #113
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2%/ 3%
Women in Parliament ranking #140
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 9% (#69)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1956/1956

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Overview
GovernmentRepublic
Total population83.7 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $6,500
HDI ranking3#113
Population under age 1533%
Urban population43%
Internet users36%
LanguagesArabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #126 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 77% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 2%/ 3%
Gender Inequality Index2 -- Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 73% Women in Parliament ranking #140
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 48.7%(21.6%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 9% (#69)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1956/1956
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 490 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 2.7 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 50 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Forum for Women in Development (FWID) is a network of Egyptian NGOs dealing with women's issues, launched in 1997 by 15 civil society organizations. FWID is made up of groups of activists, both male and female, from different social and professional backgrounds. They work together for women's emancipation and the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women in order to contribute to building a democratic, just, and egalitarian society. FWID advocates for the reform of policies and legislation that discriminate against woman.

In The News

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Reports & Updates
December 16, 2014 | Africa, Americas, Asia, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, 2014 eNews, Egypt, India, Malaysia, Victories over Violence
Activists, researchers, and supporters from 40 countries took part in WLP’s 2nd global online event, “Exposing the Realities of Combatting Sexual Harassment: Activists from around the World Unite to Share their Stories,” on November 19, 2014.
October 31, 2014 | Stop Violence Against Women, ICT for Social Change, 2014 Events, Egypt, India, Malaysia
 Join Women’s Learning Partnership in a live global online discussion, "Exposing the Realities of Combatting Sexual Harassment." WLP presents four activists from India, Egypt, Malaysia, and the United States to expose the impact of sexual harassment on women in their countries and to share the challenges and breakthroughs they have experienced in building safer societies for women through art, public protests, journalism and advocacy campaigns.
April 16, 2014 | Human Rights, Middle East, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
On Thursday, March 13, 2014 in Rabat the regional Equality Without Reservation Coalition launched its renewed call for the lifting
April 16, 2014 | CEDAW, Equality without Reservation, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
   Equality Without Reservation (EWR) is an campaign based in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region, consisting of 120 organizations from 17 Arab countries, advocating for the removal of all reservations to the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); ratification of the Convention’s Optional Protocol; and full implementation of the Con
December 10, 2013 | Human Rights, Middle East, 2013 Events, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco
  This February WLP launches our inaugural online Forum: Identity, Gender, and Activism in the Middle East-North Africa An Interactive Online Discussion with Activists & Artists from the Region Wednesday, February 5, 2014 11:00 AM EST / 16:00 GMT
March 15, 2013 | Arab Caucus, csw 57, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, violence against women, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
**WLP joins partner organizations and others in the MENA region, and those from outside the region standing in solidarity for women’s full human rights, including the right to be free from violence, in the MENA region. The statement below was originally posted on here on the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies website.** 
March 8, 2013 | Because Our Cause is Just, Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Palestine, Turkey
Because Our Cause is Just is an eye-opening documentary about the struggle of women in countries experiencing the so-called “Arab Spring.” Begun as a civil movement of women and men seeking human rights and justice after decades of dictatorship, the revolutionary wave has not yielded justice for all. Instead, the political openings caused by these revolts have been exploited by Islamist groups who seek to not only exclude women from the political process but to remove them from public life through intimidation, oppressive legislation, and even physical violence. Through powerful interviews and on-the-ground footage, the film reveals how women in the Middle East-North Africa region are continuing to fight for the right to be part of their countries evolving political systems. The film is available in English, Arabic, and French.
December 5, 2012 | Arabic, gender-based violence, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
   امرأة واحدة على الأقل من أصل ثلاث نساء في العالم تقع ضحية العنف، و يعد ذلك أحد أسوأ أشكال الانتهاك لحقوق الإنسان على وجه الأرض -– وهو حاضر في كل بلد وثقافة وديانة وطبقة اجتماعية.
November 26, 2012 | csw, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, بيان لجنة وضع المرأة, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Victories over Violence, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
 إن الموضوع الرئيسي للجنة وضع المرأة للدورة السابعة والخمسين هو العنف ضد المرأة. نحن، في "شراكة تعلم المرأة"، نؤمن بأهمية هذا الموضوع في هذا الوقت خاصة في ظل الثورات التي جرت مؤخراً والتحولات الجارية في مناطق من العالم لا تزال النساء فيها غير حاصلات على حقوقهن.*  

Profile

Afaf Mahfouz

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Afaf Mahfouz is former President of the Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations (CONGO). At the United Nations headquarters in New York, Dr. Mahfouz coordinated the work of 17 NGO committees providing fora for discussion on matters such as the status of women, human rights, sustainable development, and disarmament.

S:SSO to Sakai