|Total population||83.7 million|
|GDP per capita (PPP)||$6,500|
|Population under age 15||33%|
|Languages||Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes|
|Indices||Education & Employment||Political Participation|
|Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.|
|Gender Gap Ranking1||#126||Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males||77%||Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses||2%/ 3%|
|Gender Inequality Index2||--||Population with secondary education, female/male ratio||73%||Women in Parliament ranking||#140|
|Vulnerable employment for women (men)4||48.7%(21.6%)||Women at ministerial level (ranking)||9% (#69)|
|Year women received right to vote/be elected||1956/1956|
|Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in||490||Quota type||Legislated Candidate Quotas|
|Births per woman||2.7||Constitutional quota in lower house||No|
|Births per 1000 women aged 15-19||50||Electoral quota in lower house||Yes|
|Voluntary political party quotas||No|
Forum for Women in Development (FWID) is a network of Egyptian NGOs dealing with women's issues, launched in 1997 by 15 civil society organizations. FWID is made up of groups of activists, both male and female, from different social and professional backgrounds. They work together for women's emancipation and the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women in order to contribute to building a democratic, just, and egalitarian society. FWID advocates for the reform of policies and legislation that discriminate against woman.
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