At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #62
Gender Inequality Index2 0.449
HDI Ranking3 #84
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 9%/16%
Women in Parliament ranking #119
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#77)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1932/1932

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GovernmentFederal republic
Total population199.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $11,800
HDI ranking3#84
Population under age 1525%
Urban population87%
Internet users46%
LanguagesPortuguese (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #62 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 100% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 9%/16%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.449 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 105% Women in Parliament ranking #119
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 22.4%(27.1%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#77)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1932/1932
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 910 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 56 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (Cepia) is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization, dedicated to developing projects that promote human and citizenship rights, especially among groups historically excluded from exercising their full citizenship in Brazil. To achieve this goal, Cepia has been conducting studies and educational and social intervention projects since 1990, and has been committed to sharing its findings. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
December 13, 2010 | Americas, CEPIA, Dilma Rousseff, eNews 28, Jacqueline Pitanguy, Mahnaz Afkhami, Michelle Bachelet, UN Women, Brazil
On January 1, 2011 Jacqueline Pitanguy retires after four years as Chair of WLP's Board of Directors. A sociologist and political scientist and native of Brazil, she will remain a WLP board member as she focuses on the non-governmental organization she founded in Rio de Janeiro in 1990, CEPIA (Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaco e Acao – Citizenship, Studies, Oversight, Information and Action). CEPIA promotes human and citizenship rights on health, sexual and reproductive rights, violence, poverty, employment and access to justice.
November 18, 2010 | Americas, Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Brazil
CEDAW is the only international convention that is oriented towards women, more than half of the humanity who still faces, in all countries, independently of culture, religion, race, ethnicity, the burden of a universal cultural heritage of gender inequality reflected, in some countries, in laws, in others still present in cultural patterns in spite of advancements in the legal frame. Violence against women, widespread and brutal, is still present in all countries, and only in 1993 it was recognized as a human rights violation at the UN Human Rights Conference on Human Rights.
October 7, 2010 | Americas, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, eNews 27, Brazil, 2010 Events, Jordan
Challenges of Change: Religion, Secularism & Rights Panel 3: Chaired by Regan Ralph, Speakers Jacqueline Pitanguy, Asma Khader, and Eleanor Smeal
June 23, 2009 | Events, eNews 24, Brazil, Political Participation, 2009 Events, Jordan, Malaysia
Today, Ms. Afkhami said, we "need to adopt new ways of looking at the forces that produce and control social and cultural power, and focus on strategies that increase women’s leadership and access to power." She went on to describe the connection between women’s leadership and reducing violence against women. "There is new scholarship that shows not only is there a causality between women in power and a reduction in violent conflict, but the original social conditions that allowed for the rise of democracy and greater gender parity included a significant reduction in violent patriarchy."
February 26, 2008 | Brazil, Leadership, eNews 19, Leading to Choices Multimedia, 2008 Events, Morocco, Nicaragua
The Institute brought together twenty-four participants from seven countries in the region: Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and El Salvador. The participants, all of whom were experienced trainers and activists, welcomed the leadership concepts and methodologies offered in the manual, as well as the application of the leadership concept and methodology to diverse fields, including economic justice, women’s health and reproductive rights, violence against women, indigenous rights, human rights, youth advocacy, and microfinance.
May 10, 2005 | Human Rights, Brazil, 2005 Events
On May 10, 2005 four leading international women's rights activists presented an intercultural dialogue on the status of women in a fast changing world, and discussed the challenges presented by the new technological, economic, cultural, and political realities. Panelists discussed the current status of women globally and the international women's movement in light of the tenth anniversary of the Fourth World Conference on Women and the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action adopted at the conference.


Jacqueline Pitanguy

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Jacqueline Pitanguy, a sociologist and political scientist, is the Founder and Director of Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informação e Ação (CEPIA), a non-governmental organization based in Rio de Janeiro. At CEPIA Ms. Pitanguy coordinates research on gender issues and facilitates advocacy and educational programs relating to violence against women and reproductive health. She has been a Professor at the Pontificia Universidade Católica de Rio de Janeiro and at Rutgers University, where she held the Laurie New Jersey Chair in Women’s Studies from 1991-92.

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