Brazil

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #62
Gender Inequality Index2 0.449
HDI Ranking3 #84
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 9%/16%
Women in Parliament ranking #119
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#77)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1932/1932

Read more

Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population199.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $11,800
HDI ranking3#84
Population under age 1525%
Urban population87%
Internet users46%
LanguagesPortuguese (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #62 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 100% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 9%/16%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.449 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 105% Women in Parliament ranking #119
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 22.4%(27.1%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#77)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1932/1932
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 910 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 56 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

Show less

Our Partner

Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (Cepia) is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization, dedicated to developing projects that promote human and citizenship rights, especially among groups historically excluded from exercising their full citizenship in Brazil. To achieve this goal, Cepia has been conducting studies and educational and social intervention projects since 1990, and has been committed to sharing its findings. Read More >

In The News

There are currently no updates to display.

Reports & Updates
April 10, 2014 | Americas, Brazil, Leading To Choices, Leadership
    WLP’s partner in Brazil, Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (Cepia), has launched an initiative to build the leadership capabilities of women from the Pacified Communities of Rio de Janeiro. The UPP Program (Pacification Police Units) was established in 2008 in response to the high level of violence in low income urban communities (favelas). The UPPs provide a permanent police presence in the community, including more intensive policing and provision of social services.
July 30, 2013 | Americas, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil
Do medo à liberdade: Acabando com a violência contra mulheres
July 30, 2013 | Americas, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil
Do medo à liberdade: Acabando com a violência contra mulheres
November 14, 2012 | 2012 Events, Americas, Leading to Action, Brazil, Egypt, Political Participation, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Turkey, Zimbabwe
In October, WLP traveled to Lima, Peru for the World Movement for Democracy (WMD) seventh Global Assembly, Democracy for All: Ensuring Political, Social, and Economic Inclusion. The conference brought together WLP Partners and more than 500 democracy activists, practitioners, and scholars, providing an important opportunity for learning, exchange, and networking with civil society actors from across the world.
February 23, 2012 | Brazil
Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (CEPIA) is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization, dedicated to developing projects that promote human and citizenship rights, especially among groups historically excluded from exercising their full citizenship in Brazil. To achieve this goal, CEPIA has been conducting studies and educational and social intervention projects since 1990, and has been committed to sharing its findings. Working from a gender perspective and within a human rights framework, CEPIA focuses on issues of health, sexual and reproductive rights, violence and access to justice, poverty and employment. CEPIA organizes seminars, meetings and conferences, dialoguing with feminists, social movements, members of the judiciary, lawyers, legislators, medical doctors, health professionals, labor unions, NGOs, opinion makers and civil servants responsible for public policies, so as to broaden the debate on issues related to its agenda. Advocacy is also a part of CEPIA's agenda through the elaboration, monitoring and evaluation of public policies, while maintaining an open dialogue with different social groups and civic organizations.
December 13, 2010 | Americas, CEPIA, Dilma Rousseff, eNews 28, Jacqueline Pitanguy, Mahnaz Afkhami, Michelle Bachelet, UN Women, Brazil
On January 1, 2011 Jacqueline Pitanguy retires after four years as Chair of WLP's Board of Directors. A sociologist and political scientist and native of Brazil, she will remain a WLP board member as she focuses on the non-governmental organization she founded in Rio de Janeiro in 1990, CEPIA (Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaco e Acao – Citizenship, Studies, Oversight, Information and Action). CEPIA promotes human and citizenship rights on health, sexual and reproductive rights, violence, poverty, employment and access to justice.
November 18, 2010 | Americas, Human Rights, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Brazil
CEDAW is the only international convention that is oriented towards women, more than half of the humanity who still faces, in all countries, independently of culture, religion, race, ethnicity, the burden of a universal cultural heritage of gender inequality reflected, in some countries, in laws, in others still present in cultural patterns in spite of advancements in the legal frame. Violence against women, widespread and brutal, is still present in all countries, and only in 1993 it was recognized as a human rights violation at the UN Human Rights Conference on Human Rights.
October 7, 2010 | Americas, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil, eNews 27, 2010 Events, Jordan
Challenges of Change: Religion, Secularism & Rights Panel 3: Chaired by Regan Ralph, Speakers Jacqueline Pitanguy, Asma Khader, and Eleanor Smeal

Profile

Thais Corral

Coordinator / CEMINA: Communication, Education, and Information on Gender
Nationality:  Brazil
Profession:  Activist, Journalist/Media
Languages Spoken:  English, Portuguese
Area(s) of Expertise:  Environment, Gender and Development
Country/Region of Expertise:  Brazil, Latin America & Caribbean

Thais Corral is Coordinator of CEMINA–Comunicação, Educação e Informação em Gênero, a women’s rights organization in Brazil that produces local radio programs on gender issues and conducts training workshops for women broadcasters and activists in the use of radio for women’s rights advocacy. CEMINA’s work has resulted in the establishment of women's programming at over 400 community and commercial radio stations in Brazil. Ms.

S:SSO to Sakai