Brazil

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #62
Gender Inequality Index2 0.449
HDI Ranking3 #84
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 9%/16%
Women in Parliament ranking #119
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#77)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1932/1932

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population199.3 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $11,800
HDI ranking3#84
Population under age 1525%
Urban population87%
Internet users46%
LanguagesPortuguese (official)

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #62 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 100% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 9%/16%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.449 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 105% Women in Parliament ranking #119
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 22.4%(27.1%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#77)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1932/1932
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 910 Quota type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Births per woman 1.8 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 56 Electoral quota in lower house Yes
Voluntary political party quotas No

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Our Partner

Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (Cepia) is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization, dedicated to developing projects that promote human and citizenship rights, especially among groups historically excluded from exercising their full citizenship in Brazil. To achieve this goal, Cepia has been conducting studies and educational and social intervention projects since 1990, and has been committed to sharing its findings. Read More >

In The News

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Reports & Updates
February 7, 2017 | Africa, Americas, Asia, Brazil, Egypt, Family Law, Family Law Reform, Family Law Reform, gbv, Human Rights, India, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Middle East, Morocco, nigeria, palestine, Senegal, SIGI, Turkey, VAW, workshop, Brazil, Egypt, India, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Nigeria, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey
WLP partner organizations and affiliated civil-society groups from 11 countries are holding workshops on family law reform throughout early 2017. The content of these trainings will be based on research from case studies commissioned for WLP’s new global initiative, Family Law Reform to Challenge Gender-based Violence. 
January 17, 2017 | 2017 Events, Human Rights, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership’s Written Statement for the Women’s March on Washington Taking Place on January 21, 2017In every aspect of her life, a woman's autonomy, freedom, and opportunities are shaped by the degree to which her nation's laws uphold gender equality, and which cultural practices limit her ability to participate in decision making at the family, national and country levels.
October 20, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, From Fear to Freedom, Global TOT, GTOT, Human Rights, Middle East, Refugee Empowerment, Stop Violence Against Women, TOT, Training of Trainers, Brazil, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Leading to Choices Multimedia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership convened a Global Training of Trainers on October 5, 2016, following its 16th annual Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland. The workshop focused on the development of curriculum for WLP’s new initiatives on women refugees and family law reform.  
October 19, 2016 | Beyond Equality, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Middle East, TPC, Transnational Partners Convening, Brazil, Leadership, Organizational Capacity Building, Egypt, Indonesia, Leading to a Culture of Democracy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palestine, Senegal, Turkey, Zimbabwe
Women’s Learning Partnership hosted its 16th Transnational Partners Convening (TPC) in Bethesda, Maryland from October 1 through 4, 2016. The meeting brought together representatives from partner organizations in Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Turkey, and Zimbabwe.
August 31, 2016 | Americas, Brazil, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices, Political Participation
Twenty-five participants from thirteen municipalities in Brazil attended a Training of Trainers (TOT) Institute organized by WLP’s Brazil partner CEPIA in Rio de Janeiro in July 2016. The training aimed to raise awareness and motivate women to take action on women's rights issues including violence, reproductive health, and political involvement.
April 5, 2016 | Americas, CEPIA, Domestic Violence, From Fear to Freedom, gender-based violence, Human Rights, Partner Violence, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil, Victories over Violence
During a public event in March, WLP’s Brazil partner CEPIA disclosed the findings of its study on the Maria da Penha domestic violence law to figures from the public, academia, and the NGO world. A Portuguese version of WLP’s training manual on gender-based violence was also unveiled at the event. 
February 29, 2016 | 2016, 2016 Events, Africa, Americas, Asia, Croatia, csw, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Kenya, Middle East, new york, Rwanda, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil, India, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey
On Thursday March 17 at the New School; leaders, government officials, and activists came together for the 60th Session of the United Nation's Commission on the Status of Women in New York, Women’s Learning Partnership and the Gender Studies Program at The New School convened a discussion on the relationship between family law reform and combating gender-based violence. This event marked the launch of a new WLP initiative on family law reform supported by the International Development Resource Center.
April 2, 2015 | Americas, economic empowerment, Brazil, Leadership, Leading to Action, Leading to Choices
From November 24-28, 2014, WLP Brazil/Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (Cepia) convened the 7th Annual Institute for Women’s Human Rights (or “Human Rights Institute”) for a total of 22 participating men and women lawyers, activists, journalists, teachers, and social workers. The topics covered included violence against women, reproductive rights, women’s health, the media, race/ethnicity, and the labor market.
April 10, 2014 | Americas, Brazil, Leadership, Leading to Choices
    WLP’s partner in Brazil, Cidadania, Estudo, Pesquisa, Informaçao e Açao (Cepia), has launched an initiative to build the leadership capabilities of women from the Pacified Communities of Rio de Janeiro. The UPP Program (Pacification Police Units) was established in 2008 in response to the high level of violence in low income urban communities (favelas). The UPPs provide a permanent police presence in the community, including more intensive policing and provision of social services.
July 30, 2013 | Americas, Stop Violence Against Women, Brazil
Do medo à liberdade: Acabando com a violência contra mulheres

Profile

Thais Corral

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Thais Corral is Coordinator of CEMINA–Comunicação, Educação e Informação em Gênero, a women’s rights organization in Brazil that produces local radio programs on gender issues and conducts training workshops for women broadcasters and activists in the use of radio for women’s rights advocacy. CEMINA’s work has resulted in the establishment of women's programming at over 400 community and commercial radio stations in Brazil. Ms.

S:SSO to Sakai