Bahrain

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #111
Gender Inequality Index2 0.288
HDI Ranking3 #42
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 10%/27.5%
Women in Parliament ranking #114
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11% (#63)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1973/1973

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population1.2 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $27,700
HDI ranking#42
Population under age 1520%
Urban population89%
Internet users77%
LanguagesArabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking #111 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 98% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 10%/27.5%
Gender Inequality Index 0.288 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 17% Women in Parliament ranking #114
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) 11%(#63)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1973,2002/1973,2002
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 1800 Quota type --
Births per woman 2.5 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 14 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Our Partner

Bahrain Women Association - for Human Development (BWA) is a non profit organization dedicated to empowering women to actively participate in public life and to maximize their contribution to Bahrain’s democratic transition. Through activities including training workshops and seminars, radio and television programs, advocacy campaigns and networking, BWA promotes active citizen participation among women. Officially established in 2001, the vision of BWA is "to empower leaders for the human development era." Read More >

Reports & Updates
April 16, 2014 | CEDAW, Equality without Reservation, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
   Equality Without Reservation (EWR) is an campaign based in the Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region, consisting of 120 organizations from 17 Arab countries, advocating for the removal of all reservations to the international Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW); ratification of the Convention’s Optional Protocol; and full implementation of the Con
December 5, 2012 | Arabic, gender-based violence, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine
   امرأة واحدة على الأقل من أصل ثلاث نساء في العالم تقع ضحية العنف، و يعد ذلك أحد أسوأ أشكال الانتهاك لحقوق الإنسان على وجه الأرض -– وهو حاضر في كل بلد وثقافة وديانة وطبقة اجتماعية.
November 26, 2012 | csw, Human Rights, MENA, Middle East, Stop Violence Against Women, بيان لجنة وضع المرأة, Bahrain, Egypt, Victories over Violence, Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Palestine
 إن الموضوع الرئيسي للجنة وضع المرأة للدورة السابعة والخمسين هو العنف ضد المرأة. نحن، في "شراكة تعلم المرأة"، نؤمن بأهمية هذا الموضوع في هذا الوقت خاصة في ظل الثورات التي جرت مؤخراً والتحولات الجارية في مناطق من العالم لا تزال النساء فيها غير حاصلات على حقوقهن.*  
November 4, 2011 | arab spring, Family Law Reform, Human Rights, Leading to Action, MENA, Middle East, Rights & Reservations: Realizing CEDAW, senate, 2011 Events, Bahrain, ICT for Social Change, Egypt, Political Participation, Iran, Jordan, Morocco
The following is WLP President Mahnaz Afkhami's written testimony for the hearing on Women and the Arab Spring to the Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on International Operation and Organizations, Human Rights, Democracy, and Global Women’s Issues and Subcommittee on Near Eastern and South Central Asia Affairs. Thank you for the opportunity to submit this testimony on the state of women’s rights in the Middle East and North Africa during this critical time of transition. 
June 27, 2011 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Family Law Reform, Middle East, Bahrain, Young & Emerging Leaders, Yes I Can
Bahrain Women Association - for Human Development (BWA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to empowering women to actively participate in public life, and to maximize their contribution to Bahrain’s democratic transition. Through activities including training workshops and seminars, radio and television programs, advocacy campaigns and networking, BWA promotes active citizen participation among women. Officially established in 2001, the vision of BWA is "to empower leaders for the human development era."
March 16, 2011 | Bahrain, Human Rights, human rights, Human Rights Alerts, Middle East, Bahrain
WLP has just received the following appeal from our colleagues in Bahrain:Civil society organizations in Bahrain are appealing for support, as developments in the country today have led to serious safety risks for citizens who have been protesting for democratic change since February 14.
August 19, 2009 | Claiming Equal Citizenship, Human Rights, Bahrain
The Bahraini government took the first step to implement a new law that guarantees the equal treatment of children of Bahraini women married to non-Bahraini men. Health care fee waiver cards will be distributed to foreign children of Bahraini women and foreign wives of Bahraini men starting next week. Five thousand cards have already been printed for distribution.
S:SSO to Sakai