India

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617
HDI Ranking3 #134
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Women in Parliament ranking #108
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950

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Overview
GovernmentFederal republic
Total population1205.1 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $3,700
HDI ranking3#134
Population under age 1529%
Urban population30%
Internet users11%
LanguagesHindi 41%, Bengali 8%, Telugu 7%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 6%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, others. 16 official languages

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 #105 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 68% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 11%/11%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.617 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 53% Women in Parliament ranking #108
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 88.5% (80.7%) Women at ministerial level (ranking) 10% (#66/133)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1950/1950
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 170 Quota type No legislated quota
Births per woman 2.6 Constitutional quota in lower house No
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 45 Electoral quota in lower house No
Voluntary political party quotas No

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The Asmita Resource Centre for Women is an Indian non-governmental organization based in Andhra Pradesh. It works to better the socio-economic status of women and communities in India as it strives to "build a cadre of young women who are capable, efficient and feminist in perspective and who can oppose violence and corruption with visions of an alternative." Through outreach programs, research, publications and media campaigns, the centre creates a safe space in which women, men and youth can engage in critical dialogue on and analysis of feminist issues and other critical issues that the collective identifies. Asmita works to advocate for and support the women of Hyderabad and the greater Indian community. Read More >

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