Malaysia

At A Glance

Indices and Rankings
Gender Gap Ranking1 #100
Gender Inequality Index2 0.286
HDI Ranking3 #61
Political Participation
Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 10%/23%
Women in Parliament ranking #112
Women at ministerial level (ranking) 7% (#79)
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1957/1957

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Overview
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Total population29.2 million
GDP per capita (PPP) $16,200
HDI ranking3#61
Population under age 1529%
Urban population72%
Internet users61%
LanguagesBahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai, others

Indices Education & Employment Political Participation
Sources (January 2013): CIA World Factbook, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Internet World Stats, MDG Info 2010, Quota Project, UNESCO Institute for Statistics, UNICEF ChildInfo , UNICEF State of the World's Children 2011, United Nations Development Project Human Development Reports, World Economic Forum, World Health Organization Global Health Observatory Database. 1.The World Economic Forum's Gender Gap index assesses how well countries divide resources and opportunities amongs male and female populations in four areas: economic participation and opportunity (salaries, participation levels and access to high-skilled employment), educational attainment (access to basic and higher level education), health and survival (life expectancy and sex ratio), and political empowerment (representation in decision-making structures). 2. The UNDP's Gender Inequality Index is designed to reveal the extent to which national human development achievements are eroded by gender inequality. It is a composite measure reflecting inequality in achievements between women and men in three dimensions: reproductive health (maternal mortality ratio and adolescent fertility rate), empowerment (share of parliamentary seats, and secondary and higher education attainment levels) and the labour market (women's participation in the work force). It varies between zero (when women and men fare equally) and one (when men or women fare poorly compared to the other in all dimensions). 3. The UNDP's Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary composite index that measures a country's average achievements in three basic aspects of human development: health, knowledge, and income. It was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone. 4. Vulnerable employment is a Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 1B indicator; vulnerable employments are lower productivity and informal activities such as own-account workers and unpaid family workers. They are therefore more likely to lack benefi ts associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and recourse to effective mechanisms for social dialogue. Vulnerable employment is often characterized by inadequate earnings, low productivity and substandard working conditions that undermine fundamental labour rights.
Gender Gap Ranking1 100 Adult literacy rate, females as a % of males 95% Women parliamentarians lower/upper houses 10%/23%
Gender Inequality Index2 0.286 Population with secondary education, female/male ratio 91% Women in Parliament ranking #112
Vulnerable employment for women (men)4 -- Women at ministerial level (ranking) #79
Year women received right to vote/be elected 1957/1957
HealthQuotas
Lifetime risk in maternal death, 1 in 1300 Quota type --
Births per woman 2.6 Constitutional quota in lower house --
Births per 1000 women aged 15-19 12 Electoral quota in lower house --
Voluntary political party quotas --

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Our Partner

All Women’s Action Society (AWAM) is an independent feminist organization committed to improving the lives of women in Malaysia. Founded in 1985, their vision is to create a just, democratic and equitable society where women are treated with respect, and are free from all forms of violence and discrimination. Towards this, they inform, connect, and mobilize those interested in securing women’s rights, bringing about equality between men and women and supporting women in crisis. Read more >

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